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高中英语模块一阅读材料

作者:admin    文章来源:盐田区外国语学校    更新时间:2018-04-24

高中模块一阅读材料
Module 1 Unit1
A
In America, when the eighth-graders leave the middle school, they are often worried about moving to the high school. It is a hard time for them, but it can be an exciting one as well. To make it easier, students need to get familiar with their school.
   Even though they’ve done this already in the middle school, it’s still important to find where their classrooms are. Most schools take students to the high school for a visit at the end of their eighth grade year. And, most schools also have a freshman (新生) speech for parents and students before the first year begins. Sometimes the main o ffice will give away a map of the school. This can help students and parents to find different places in the school.
   One way to know your high school more and make new friends is to join a club or play a sport.Schools often offer chances to join different clubs and sports. Fall activities begin in August before the first day of school. If you are not interested in sports, there are clubs for any interest, such as drama, dance, chess, photography, community service, etc. Students from different grades are allowed to join these clubs. By joining an activity, students can find new friendships, not to mention improving their chances in future college applications(申请). The school office will have a list of activities offered at the school and information on how to join them.
   What’s more, to have a great start to a high school year, students can write down some of their worries, and ask for help from teachers and school workers.
1. According to the text, most students feel ________ when entering the high school.
A. excited  B. nervous
C. lonely   D. disappointed
2. Which of the following is TRUE about the school clubs?
A. There are fewer students from higher grades in the school clubs.
B. The school clubs in high school only welcome sports fans.
C. Summer activities begin before school starts.
D. School officers can help new students join school clubs.
3. When do many schools take students to visit their new high school?
A. Before the eighth grade year starts.
B. Right after the high school year starts.
C. At the beginning of the new term in the high school.
D. At the end of their eighth grade year.
4. What is the purpose of this text?
A. To tell the new students how to learn in high school.
B. To introduce new schools.
C. To give the teachers some advice.
D. To give advice to new high school students.
Keys: BDDD
B
Education plays a very important role in everybody’s life. We go to school because we want to know more about the world around us. The typical classroom used to be the place where teachers and stude nts were working and exploring the wonderful world of knowledge together, but now everything has changed.
The Internet is one of those approaches. Learning via the Internet is a new style that seems to become successful than the traditional teaching. The Internet provides schools with a large amount of learning material that is accessible to students online. Owing to the choices of courses online, completing a program becomes much easier.
We used to go to the library when we needed information and spend hours searching for the right sources. Today there is a “library” in our house and it is available 24 hours a day. From my personal experience, being a first time mother, I find that using information online is very helpful. While I am at home with my baby, I can still search for the material I need and exchange thoughts and information with my classmates without leaving my house.
The Internet is not only a big information provider but also a money and time saver. People predict that education will be much cheaper in the future because of Internet access to information. The cost of land, buildings and wages for teachers are continuously increasing. In addition, regular courses (offline) depend heavily on books and other paper-based materials, while online education posts lectures, and assignments electronically, which saves thousands of dollars every year.
With no physical restrictions, the Internet classes and courses are also very convenient. In classroom-based education there is a limitation on the number of students while Internet education is available to everyone. Students don’t have to struggle in order to register for classes they like.
Students will have more choices to take their courses and classes online. The Internet offers a wonderful opportunity to obtain knowledge in a more convenient and less expensive way. In my opinion, online life in the future is simply inescapable.
6. As a first time mother, the author     
  A. stays at home alone
  B. keeps in touch with classmates through the Internet
  C. keeps going to school
  D. searches for information in a traditional library
7. What can we infer from Paragraph 4?
  A. Most people get used to traditional teaching.
  B. Information provided on the Internet is free
  C. Traditional education is not as cheap as online education.
  D. Online education depends on teachers.
8. What’s the author’s attitude towards the Internet?
  A. Positive.    B. Negative.
  C. Neutral(中立的).  D. Uninterested.
9. What is the best tit le of the passage?
  A. Internet Development B. Online Education   
  C. Internet Advantages D. Online Teaching
Keys:BCAB
C
It’s school time again! You’re probably feeling excited and maybe a little sad that summer is over. Some kids feel nervous or a little scared (害怕) on the first day of school because of all the new things: new teachers, new friends, and even a new school. Luckily, these “new” worries only stick around for a little while. Let’s find out more about going to a new school.
Most teachers kick off the new school year by introducing themselves and talking about all the stuff you’ll be doing that year. Some teachers give students a chance to tell something about themselves to the rest of the class, too. When teachers do the talking on the first day, they often go over classroom rules and school rules so you’ll know what’s allowed and what’s not. Please pay close attention
You might already know a lot of people in your classes on the first day, but it’s a great day to make a new friend, so try to say hello to kids you know and new ones that you don’t. Make the first move and you’ll be glad you did, and so will your new friend!
Seeing friends you haven’t seen for some time can make the first day a good one. You can make the day feel special by wearing clothes that you really like. Maybe you got a great T-shirt on one of your vacations, or a pair of sneakers(运动鞋). It can also make you feel good to be prepared and have all the things you need, such as pencils, folders, and whatever else you’ll be needing. But make sure that you pack them the night before in case you don’t have time in the morning.
4. The underlined phrase “kick off” in the second paragraph probably means “         ”.
A. start    B. study
C. find    D. teach
5. The last paragraph mainly tells us about ________.
A. what to know about a new school   
B. how to prepare for a new school
C. what to do on your first day of school 
D. how to spend your first day of school
6. According to the passage, you usually do everything on the first day of school except _______.
A. introduce yourself
B. learn about the school rules 
C. make new friends
D. go over your new lessons
7. If you happen to see an old friend on the first day of school, from the passage we know that you will feel        .
A. nervous   B. lucky
C. happy   D. excited
Keys:ABDC
Module 1 Unit 2
A.
Childhood Memory
Growing pains can bring many different experiences. My first real growing-up experience as a child is quite clear in my memory. It happened when I was eleven. It was my first time being left home alone. I didn’t hear any scary noises, nor did I see any sudden movements. I was scared, but not for these reasons. You’d never think problems could happen just from making cookies.
   It was a winter vacation, and I was staying in my own room. My room and sister had left with my younger brother to go to the hospital for a regular examination. As our brown car was driven away, I realized that they had left me alone. No one told me what to do. And , I could’t be happier.
   I opened a can of Coke, cold and icy, with a bag of crispy chips, I turned on the television for a few minutes. I put on The Price is Right, a show I remember I loved watching on my days off from school, but soon, the good turned to bad. The chips were no longer fresh, and the Coke was gone.
   Looking for something to eat, I opened the refrigerator and saw a can of cookie dough(生面团 )in front of me. An idea came to me. My mom would’t be home for another hour. And, the cookies only took 20 minutes to make, as it said on the can. I’d eat them quickly, clean the mess, and no one would know it.
   Well, it didn’t exactly happen that way, I put the cookies in the oven, sat around for a minute to smell the pleasant smell of chocolate chips fill the air, and then went into my room. I turned the TV back on to The Price is Right, which was so exciting that I fotgot the time. For about half an hour, I hadn’t even realized the cookies were still being baked(烘烤). How stupid could I be? When I realized it, I ran into the kitchen, smelling nothing but smoke. The air had turned gray, and steam covered the windows.
   Opening the oven, I saw six almost-on-fire cookies. The heavy smoke hit me, making me cough, so I opened all the windows in the house, feeling the cold wind. Soon the smoke disappeared. I threw the blackened cookies in the garbage, and went back to my bedroom. For almost 10 minutes, I felt cold in my room, but luckily the smoke was gone.
   About 10 minutes later, my mom came back. I confessed(坦白,忏悔) to everything, even before she opened her mouth. I noticed that she didn’t take off her coat for half an hour. After a long time, she finally became calm and told me never to turn on the oven when I was home alone.
Comprehension
1. When the author was left home alone , he felt at first ________.
A. scary  B. happy    C. mad     D. unhappy
2. Why did he author forgot cookies in the oven?
A. He quickly went into the room.
B. The television show was so interesting
C. Making cookies took a long time
D. He fell asleep in his bedroom.
3. Which of the following did he NOT do when he found the almost-on-ifre cookies?
A. He ran out of his house .            B. He opened the windows.
C. He cleaned the house.              D. He threw away cookies.
Critical thinking
1. What would you do when you are left alone at home ?
2. What are the right things to do when you see fire at home? Do you think the author did the right things after seeing the cookies were burned?

B.
It is a real mother who wrote the letter — a mother's letter written 30 years ago to a daughter who was then a baby.
My darling Linda, 
It seems strange to be sitting here writing to you,  my little girl,  while you sit at the nursery table,  so good and quiet. And you will not read my letter for  20,  30—perhaps 40 years! It is a strange,  grown­up woman I am writing to—a woman I don't know at all. But that woman will be you,  Linda,  and because I love her,  I want her to have all the happiness that life can offer,  I don't want that happiness to be spoilt—spoilt by me,  her own mother. When you read this letter I shall be an old lady like Grandmama,  like all the other old ladies we know and I don't intend to let you suffer what I have suffered from the selfishness of the old. So I am telling you,  here and now,  that when the time comes you must put me into a rest home. Don't worry about what anyone  says—don't worry about anything I shall say—just be firm,  and send me away.
For when I am old I shall make funny demands on you. I shall expect to come and live with you,   as Grandmama lives with us. I shall criticize your husband,  and keep telling you how badly you are bringing up your children. All day long you will have to listen to my chatter,  and force yourself to answer politely: my bits and pieces will be left about all over the house   for you to clear up.
My darling,  I know I've been through it all myself;I've seen my friends to go through it with their mothers;and I am determined not to let you go through it too. So when the time comes,  will you promise not to put up with it? Promise to send me away and live your own life—this is the thing that matters. Never mind what that old lady says—the one who is still cal led your mother. She is not really your mother any longer.
Comprehension
1.When did the mother want her daughter to see her letter?
A.Just that time.
B.After her daughter married.
C.When the mother grew old.
D.Being a young woman.
2.It can be inferred from the passage that ________.
A.the mother hated old women very much
B.the mother tried to be a welcomed old woman
C.young mothers are always better than old ones
D.the mother was greatly bored by an old woman
3.According to the mother,  what would weaken her daughter's determination to send her to a rest home?
A.Traditional trend and the law.
B.Others' opinions and her mother's attitude.
C.Pressure from her relatives.
D.Love from her mother.
4.What kind of people did the mother expect herself to be?
A.A kind old lady.
B.A real mother.
C.Grandmama.
D.A deserted woman.
5.Why did the young mother insist in her letter that her daughter send her to a rest home when she is old?
A.To ensure her daughter's happiness.
B.To avoid trouble from her daughter.
C.To live a quiet life.
D.To make her daughter live independently.
C
Share your time
A man came home from work late again, tired and irritated(心情烦躁). He found his 5-year old son waiting for him at the door.
“Daddy, may I ask you a question?’
“Yeah,sure , what is it?” replied the man.
“ Daddy, how much money do you make an hour?”
“What makes you ask such a thing?” the man said angrily.
“ I just want to know…please, how much do you make an hour?” pleased the little boy.
“ If you must know, I make $20.00 an hour.”
“ Oh…!” the little boy replied, head bowed(低头). Looking up, he said, “Daddy, may I borrow $10.00 please?”
The father was mad. “ If the only reason you wanted to know how much money I make is just so you can borrow some to buy a toy or some other useless things, then you better march yourself straight to your room and go to bed. Think about why you’re being so selfish.
The little boy quietly went to his room and shut the foor. The man sat down and started to get even madder about the little boy’s questioning. How dare he asked such a question only to get some money?
After an hour or so, the man had calmed down(平静下来), and started to think he may have been a little hard on his son. Maybe there was something he really needed to buy with that $10.00 and he really didn’t ask for money very often. The man went to the door of the little boy’s room and opened the door.
“ Are you asleep,son?”
“No, daddy, I’m awake,” replied the boy.
“I’ve been thinking , maybe I was too hard on you earlier,” said the man. “It’s been a long day and I’m mad with you. Here’s that $10.00 you wanted.”
The little boy sat straight up, “Oh, thank you daddy,” he yelled.
Then reaching under his pillow, he pulled out some crumpled bills(褶皱的纸币). The man seeing that the boy already had money started to get angry again. The little boy slowly counted out his money then looked up at the man. “Why did you want more money if you already had some?’the father said.
“Because I didn’t have enough, but now I do,” the little boy replied. “Daddy, I have $20.00 noe, can I buy an hour of yout time?”
Comprehension
1. Why was the man mad at his son at the beginning?
A. Because his son lost $10.00.
B. Beacuse he thought his son would waste money.   
C. Because he thought his son didn’t study hard.
 D. Because his son played games and came home late.
2. Why did the man changed his attitude to his son afterwards?
A. Because the son pleased him.
B. Because the son was angry with him.
C. Because he thought he was too strict.
 D. Because he thought his son was childish.
 Critical thinking
1. Imagine you were the father. How did you feel at the end of the story?
2. Do you have the same problem with your parents?
3. What else can you do besides buying time from parents if you want to share time with them?

Module 1 unit 3
A
A little of what you fancy (青少年应该如何选择饮食?)
Ask any group of teenagers in the UK what they most like to eat, and foods like pizzas, curries, pasta, burgers and chips are bound to get a mention—and many young people would probably also list hanging out at the local fast-food restaurant as one of their favourite pastimes.
But what teenagers like to eat is not necessarily what they should be eating. According to the National Diet and Nutrition Survey, far too many young people in the UK between the ages of 4 and 18 consume too much fat, sugar and salt in their diet and take in too many calories. Meanwhile their intake of starchy carbohydrates, fibre, iron, vitamins and calcium too low.
For a growing body, eating foods containing plenty of calcium, such as milk, yoghurt and cheese, is particularly important as calcium is essential for the development of healthy, strong bones. Similarly, foods that are rich in iron are good for young, rapidly developing bodies, so red meat, bread, green vegetables, dried fruit and fortified breakfast cereals are also recommended.
It is during our teenage years that lifestyle habits can become entrenched, so it is crucial that young people are educated about what foods are good for them. In 2005, and in an attempt to change eating habits and open teenagers’ minds to new flavours and new tastes, celebrity chef Jamie Oliver launched a “Feed Me Better” campaign. As part of a television series, “Jamie’s School Dinners,” he worked with teachers and cooks in a number of schools across the UK to provide more healthy, nutritious school meal options. Although there was initial resistance from some teenagers and parents, the campaign was generally hailed as a huge success and helped to influence governmental policy on nutritional standards for school meals.
No one expects to end the teenage love affair with fast and junk food but, hopefully, if projects like “Feed Me Better” and the Government’s own “Change4Life” campaign continue to give out the right messages, more young people will understand the importance of balancing occasional treats with healthier food options.
Vocabulary
 
1. curry: 咖喱食品;pasta: 意大利面
2. be bound to: 肯定,一定要
3. hang out: 在餐厅就餐
4. consume: 消耗
5. calorie: 卡路里(食物所产生的热量单位)
6. starchy carbohydrates: 含淀粉的碳水化合物
7. fibre: 纤维
8. calcium: 钙
9. yoghurt: 酸奶
10. essential:重要
11. fortified: (营养)强化的
12. recommend:推荐,建议
13. entrenched: 确立的
14. crucial: 决定性的,关键性的
15. attempt:尝试,试图
16. celebrity chef Jamie Oliver: 英国的明星厨师杰米•奥立佛,他因擅长使用有机食材,以及帮助改变英国学校中的饮食习惯而为人熟悉。
17. nutritious: 营养价值高的
18. initial: 起初的
19. resistance: 阻力,抵抗
20. hail: 赞扬,称颂
21. junk food: 垃圾食品
22. occasional: 偶尔的,特殊场合的
23. treat: 款待,招待

Comprehension
1. According to the passage, what kind of foods are recommended for teenagers?
2. What was the aim of “Feed Me Better” campaign?
3. Did teenagers and parents accept the “Jamie’s School Dinners” at first?

Critical thinking
1. What do you like to eat? Do you like hanging out at the local fast-food restaurant? Why or why not?
2. Which do you think is more important between heath and beauty? Give some reasons to support your idea.

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