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中考英语精讲:原因状语

作者:admin    文章来源:盐田区外国语学校    更新时间:2017-12-29
在考试中,我们会经常遇到与原因状语有关的试题;在日常口语和书面语中,我们会经常运用一些表示原因的句子,以使我们的语言更具有逻辑性、直观性。那么,表达原因的句子到底有哪些呢?
  1由as,because,since,when,seeing that,considering that,now that,in that,not that...but that 等引导的原因状语从句。如:
  I’m late because my mother has been ill.
  我晚了是因为我母亲病了。
  Since you know that,I don’t have to say it.
  既然你知道了,那我就不必说了。
  Seeing that quite a few comrades were absent,we decided to put the meeting off.
  由于好些同志都没到会,我们决定延期开会。
  Not that she forgot to do her homework , but that she was busy nursing a sick classmate.
  不是因为她忘记做作业而是她忙着照顾一个生病的同学。
  2有些介词及介词短语也可用来表示原因。如at,by,in,for,of,on,over,through, with,without,because of,on account of,out of等。
  The whole nation was in deep sorrow at the news .
  听到这个消息,整个国家都沉浸在悲痛之中。
  His face was red with anger.
  他的脸因生气而变红了。
  On account of his youth,he was not allowed to join the army.
  由于年龄太小,人家不允许他参军。
  3用不定式表示原因。如:
  We were excited to hear of your success.
  听到你的成功,我们都很激动。
  He laughed to see that fun.
  因看到那样的趣事,他大声笑了起来。
  This place is difficult to find in the map.
  这个地方在地图上很难找到。
  4.现在分词短语有时可用作状语表示原因,相当于一个表示原因的状语从句。如:
  Knowing English very well,he translated the article without much difficulty.
  由于功底好,他没费多大力气就把这篇文章翻译了出来。
  Not having received an answer,he decided to write another letter to her.
  由于没有收到来信,他决定再给她写一封信。
  5.过去分词短语有时也可用作状语表示原因,相当于一个表示原因的状语从句。如:
  Born into a poor family,Lincoln had only one year of schooling.
  由于出生在贫苦家庭,林肯只上了一年的学。
  6.独立主格结构也可表示原因。如:
  It being rainy yesterday,we didn’t go to school.
  昨天下雨了,我们没有去上学。
  The keys,having been,lost,she couldn’t enter the room.
  钥匙丢了,她进不去房子。
  There being no bus,we had to walk home .
  由于没有公共汽车,我们只好步行回家。
  7.形容词短语也可表示原因。如:
  Afraid of being caught,the thief hid himself at home all day long .
  由于害怕被抓住,这个小偷成天藏在家里。
  Helpless and hopeless,he committed suicide.
  由于无奈和绝望,他自杀了。
  8.名词短语也可表示原因。如:
  Weather of coldness,we all put on coats.
  天很冷,我们都穿上了大衣。
  One of the most popular tourist sites in Italy,Pompeii was viewed by nearly two million visitors last year.
  庞贝是意大利有名的旅游景点之一,因此去年有将近二百万人参观了那个地方。
  9. with 结构也可以表示原因。 如:
  With hair gone , there could be no use for comb.
  由于没有头发了,梳子又有什么用呢。
  With a lot of work to do , I won’t be able to go to the cinema with you at night.
  由于有许多工作要做, 我不能和你一起去看电影。
  With the boy leading us the way , we had no difficulty in finding his home.
  由于这个男孩带路, 我们没有费劲就找到了他的家。
  练兵场:
  1 _____ from other continents for millions of years , Australia has many plates and animals not found in any other country in the world.(2005 湖北)
  A. Being separated B. having separated
  C. Having been separated D. To be separated
  2.______ and no way to reduce her pain and suffering from the terrible disease, the patient sought her doctor’s help to end her life.
  A. Having given up hope of cure
  B. With no hope for cure
  C. There being hope for cure
  D. In the hope of cure
  3. _____ two exams to worry about , I have to work really hard his weekend. (2004 北京)
  A. With B. Besides
  C. As for D. because of
  4. Parents should take seriously their children’s requests for sunglasses _____ eye protection is necessary in sunny weather. (2004 上海)
   A. because B. through C. unless D. if
  5. It is ______ his fault that the girl was put in prison .
  A. through B. at C. by D. in
  6. _______production up by 60%,the company has had another excellent year.(NMET 2000)
  A.AsB For C WithD Through
  7. _______the general state of his health,it may take him a while to recover from the operation.(2000春季北京,安徽卷)
  A GivenB To give C Giving D Having given
  8.The purpose of New Technologies is to make life easier,_______it more difficult.
  (NMET 1999)
  A no make B not to make
  C not making D do not make
  9 ________you’ve got a chance,you might as well make full use of it.(NM ET 1999)
  A.Now that B.After
  C.Although D As soon as
  10. ________a reply,he decided to work again.(NM ET 2000)
  A.Not receiving B.Receiving not
  C.Not having received
  D.Having not received
  答案: 1-5 CBAAA 6-10 CABAC