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体会重点,走近高考

作者:admin    文章来源:盐田区外国语学校    更新时间:2017-12-29

1. 课本原句: People like Xiaowen and many other disabled people in our country have taught us the importance of giving everybody a chance to receive education. (P. 51)
  考点: 主谓一致“三要素”。
  透视: 1)当主语是由介词like, with, together with, in, out of, except, besides, as well as, rather than, along with, including等连接的两个名词时,谓语动词的形式与前面名词的数保持一致;2)当主语是由or, either ... or ..., neither ... nor ..., not ... but ..., not only ... but also ... 等连接的名词,谓语动词的形式与之最近的名词一致;3)当主语是从句、不定式或动名词时,谓语用单数形式。
  考例:
  1. With more forest being destroyed, large quantities of good earth__________ each year. (2005山东卷)
  A. is washing away
  B. is being washed away
  C. are washing away
  D. are being washed away.
  2. The company had about 20 notebook computers but only one-third __________used regularly. Now we have 60 working all day long. (2006浙江卷)
  A. is B. are C. was D. were
  3. The father as well as his three children __________skating on the frozen river every Sunday afternoon in winter. (2006辽宁卷)
  A. is going B. go
  C. goes D. are going
  点拨: 1. D。该题同学们会误选B。a quantity of / quantities of + 名词,谓语形式随quantity变化;2. D。one-third后省略of notebook computers很明显用复数形式;3 C。as well as连接两主语,谓语随前者。
  2. 课本原句: We know that we cannot let physical disabilities limit a person’s life. (P. 51)
  考点: 看清使役动词“四兄弟”。
  透视: 1) let sb. do sth.让某人做某事/ let sth. be done让某事被做。2) leave sb. doing让某人一直做(主动、持续进行);leave sb. to do让某人去做(主动、将来);leave sth. done让某事被做(被动)。 3) get sb. to do叫某人做某事;get sth. done = have sth. done请人做某事/使……遭受(被动)。 4) have sb. do使某人做某事;have sb. doing让某人一直做某事;have sth. to do有事要做。
  考例:
  1. If anyone happens to drop in while I am out, __________him or her leave a message.
  (2005福建卷)
  A. have B. get C. ask D. tell
  2. You should understand the traffic rule by now. You’ve had it __________often enough.
  (2005天津卷)
  A. explaining B. to explain
  C. explain D. explained
  3. A good story doesn’t necessarily have to have a happy ending, but the reader mustn’t be left __________ . (2006天津卷)
  A. unsatisfied
  B. unsatisfying
  C. to be unsatisfying
  D. being unsatisfied
  点拨: 1. A。因为做宾补的leave是动词原形,只有have符合条件,如选其它项,都要在leave前面加to. 2. D。宾语it与explain是被动关系,用过去分词作宾补。3. A。该题考查leave + sb. / sth. + done的被动用法,即sb. / sth. + be left done。
  3.课本原句: ... when he decided that there should be a magazine for the blind people in China. (P. 52 )
  考点: should的两特殊用法。
  透视: 1)表“推测”的用法。should除表示“义务”、“责任”等基本用法外,还可以表“推测”。意为“想必”、“理应”或“可能期望”等。其可能性小于must, 大于can和may。如:Henry should be here soon, for he left home at 6. 亨利理应马上就来,他六点就离开家了。
  2) 表示“惊奇”或“遗憾”,常译成“竟然会”。例如:
  It was surprising that the little girl should survive the traffic accident.让人吃惊的是,这小女孩竟然遭受车祸后仍活下来。
  考例:
  1. You can’t imagine that a well-behaved gentleman __________be so rude to a lady.
  (上海2005海淀卷)
  A. might B. need
  C. would D. should
  2. There __________be any difficulty about passing the road test since you have practiced a lot in the driving school. (上海2005)
  A. mustn’t B. shan’t
  C. shouldn’t D. needn’t
  点拨: 1. D。should在此表示“竟然”之意。2 C。 should在此表示按常理进行推测。
  4. 课本原句: Fortunately, we have now realized that there is much that can be done to help. (P. 55)

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