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高考定语从句的命题热点

作者:admin    文章来源:盐田区外国语学校    更新时间:2017-12-29

热点一: 关系代词that和which引导的定语从句
  金题引路:
  1. You can find whatever you need at the shopping centre, ________ is always busy at the weekend. ( 2006上海春招)
  A. that B. where C. what D. which
  【解析】 正确答案是D。首先主从句用逗号隔开,可以判断这是非限制性定语从句。还考查了关系代词和关系副词的区分, the shopping centre在定语从句中充当主语而不是地点状语,因而不应选择B项;而what不是引导定语从句的关系词,故选D。
  2. I was given three books on cooking, the first ________ I really enjoyed. (2006浙江卷)
  A. of that B. of which
  C. that D. which
  【解析】 正确答案是B。这道题容易误选C. that,因为当先行词被形容词最高级或the first和the last修饰时定语从句的关系词用that而不用which,一看见有the first (book)就匆忙选that。其实从句的先行词是three books而不是the first (book), the first (book)是从句的内容。这是个非限制定语从句,所以应选B. of which, the first of which=the first of three books。
  
  热点二: 关系代词和关系副词的选择
  金题引路:
  1. —Is that the small town you often refer to?
  —Right, just the one ________ you know I used to work for years. (2005福建卷)
  A. that B. which C. where D. what
  【解析】 正确答案是C。该题有特点:一是区分关系代词和关系副词的用法,这里先行词the one 在从句中充当的是I used to work 的地点状语,因此需要由关系副词引导,而不能选择关系代词;二是题干设计颇有干扰性,命题者在定语从句部分加入了“you know“ 这一插入语,很容易让学生误以为先行词在从句中作know 的宾语而选择了关系代词。
  2. —Do you have anything to say for yourselves?
  —Yes,there’s one point ________ we must insist on. (2006江西卷)
  A. why B. where C. how D. /
  【解析】 正确答案是D。先行词one point在定语从句中作动词词组insist on的宾语,即we must insist on one point,因此这里应选择关系代词而不是关系副词,因此可以排除掉A、B、C三个选项;当关系代词在限制性定语从句中充当宾语时可以省略,故D选项是关系代词的省略。
  3. We’re just trying to reach a point
   ________both sides will sit down together and talk. (2006山东卷)
  A. where B. that C. when D. which
  【解析】 正确答案是A。不谋而合,2006年山东卷也考查了先行词是point的定语从句,然而该句的先行词point在定语从句中却充当的是地点状语,因此选择关系副词where是指both sides will sit down together and talk at a point.
  4. A fast food restaurant is the place
   ________ , just as the name suggests, eating is performed quickly.(2004上海春)
  A. which B. where C. there D. what
  【解析】 正确答案是B。本题考查关系副词where引导的定语从句,先行词the place在从句中作地点状语。命题人在先行词和定语从句之间插入了“just as the name suggests”这个非限制定语从句,增加了难度,实际解题过程中可以省略该部分进行解答,与前面的例1有异曲同工之妙。
  5. There was ________ time ________ I hated to go to school. (2004湖北)
  A. a; that B. a; when
  C. the; that D. the; when
  【解析】 正确答案是B。这里既考查了先行词time表示“时期、时代”时前面用不定冠词a,又考查了关系副词when代替表时间的名词在定语从句中充当时间状语的用法。
  
  热点三: 介词+关系代词引导的定语从句
  介词提前时,如何选择介词和关系代词是一个常见考点,此时定语从句的引导词只能用which, whom, whose,而不能用that或who。在选择介词时,一要看明句意;二要看搭配关系,即看后面的谓语动词和先行词来确定应搭配什么样的介词。
  金题引路:
  1. I saw a woman running towards me in the dark. Before I could recognize who she was, she had run back in the direction ________ she had come. (2006重庆卷)
  A. of which B. by which
  C. in which D. from which
  【解析】 正确答案是D。考查介词+which引导的定语从句,还原定语从句得知 she had come from the direction。
  2. She was educated at Beijing University, ________ she went on to have her advanced study abroad.(2006陕西卷)
  A. after that B. from that
  C. from which D. after which
  【解析】 正确答案是D。考查非限制性定语从句关系代词which代替前面整个主句,意为“After she was educated at Beijing University, she went on to have her advanced study abroad.”故选D。
  3. There are two buildings, ________ stands nearly a hundred feet high.(2004湖北)
A. the larger   B. the larger of them   C. the larger one that   D. the larger of which   【解析】 正确答案是D。本题考查了“名词 + of +关系代词”引导的定语从句,非限制性定语从句中实际为“the larger of two buildings stands nearly a hundred feet high”,B选项需加上and才能构成并列句。  

 4. I have many friends, ________ some are businessmen. (2004全国卷Ⅰ)   A. of them B. from which   C. who of D. of whom   【解析】 正确答案是D。考查”介词+关系代词“引导的定语从句,句中有一个逗号,前后是两个句子,说明这是一个含有非限制性定语从句的主从复合句,排除选项A。选择“介词+关系代词”引导定语从句的介词时,应将先行词放到定语从句中,看其在定语从句中是与哪个介词搭配的。本题的定语从句部分还原为简单句应为”some of them(my friends) are businessmen.“因此答案为D。  

 5. Mark was a student at this university from 1999 to 2003, ________ he studied very hard and was made Chairman of the Students’ Union. (2005重庆)   A. during which time  

 B. for which time   C. during whose time   D. by that time   【解析】 正确答案是A。考查定语从句,“from1999 to 2003”为一段时间,故应提前介词during。C项关系代词”whose”应用错误,D项介词后不用that引导,故应选择A项。  

 6. Last month, part of Southeast Asia was struck by floods, from ________ effects the people are still suffering.(2005天津)   A. that B. whose C. those D. what   【解析】 正确答案是B。这里实际考查了介词+ whose 引导的定语从句,该题具有一定的难度,解题时将非限制性定语从句还原为“the people are still suffering from floods’effects.”不难选出答案B。     

 热点四: as 和which 引导的非限制性定语从句   金题引路:  

 1. ________ is reported in the newspaper, talks between the two countries are making progress. (2004北京)   A. It B. As C. That D. What   【解析】 正确答案是B。考查关系代词as的用法:as在非限制性定语从句代替整个主句且在从句中充当主语或宾语,可以放在句首、句中或句尾,而which引导的非限制性定语从句不能置于句首。其它选项都不能引导定语从句,而A选项的“据报道”句型应为It is reported that ...。  

 2. ________ is often the case, we have worked out the production plan. (2004 江苏)   A. Which B. When   C. What D. As   【解析】 正确答案是D。本题需要区分关系代词as 和which 引导的非限制性定语从句置于句首时只能选择as,这里as 代替整个主句在从句中充当主语。   

    3. The Beatles, ________ many of you are old enough to remember, came from Liverpool.(2006天津卷)   A. what B. that C. how D. as   【解析】 正确答案是D。本题的难度在于as 引导的非限制性定语从句插在主句之中,可以还原为熟悉的语序:As many of you are old enough to remember, the Beatles came from Liverpool. 其中as代替整个主句在定语从句中充当宾语,故排除其它选项。   

   4. The owner of the cinema needed to make a lot of improvements and employ more people to keep it running, ________ meant spending tens of thousands of pounds. (2006江苏)   A. who B. that C. as D. which   【解析】 正确答案是D。本题难度较高,考查了非限制性定语从句中which 和as的区别。as引导的非限制性定语从句,不管它在从句中是当主语还是宾语,总是代替整个主句的内容,而which除了可代替主句的全部内容外还可代替主句的某个名词或代词以及主语中一部分内容。本题代替的是to make a lot of improvements and employ more people to keep it running,所以只能选which,不能选as。