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英语谜语讲解一

作者:admin    文章来源:盐田区外国语学校    更新时间:2017-10-21

谜语讲解一
1.拼写: What is the smallest room in the world? 答案是a mushroom。这则谜语帮助我们记住 mushroom(蘑菇)的拼写,因为这单词有一 部分是room。
A: Which seven-lettered word has three "u"s in it? B: I don’t know. But it must be unusual. B没猜着却说对了。这种戏剧性的幽默会使我 们记住unusual的拼写中有三个"u"。

2.同音异形词: Peter:Tom,why do you prefer a pear to an apple? Tom: Because it takes tow apples to make a pair(pear).

3.一词多义: Teacher:Tom, how many states are there in the US? Tom: Fifty. Teacher:Enumerate them. Tom: One, two, three, ... enumerate既有"数、点"的意思,又有"枚举、列举" 的意思。

4.习惯用法: Teacher: Jim,why can’t we lose our heads? Jim: If we lose our heads, we will have nothing to put our hats on. to lose one’s head当作成语用时,意思是"失 去理智,惊慌失措",只有了解这一点,才能明 白此中幽默所在。


谜语、幽默说明语法问题的也不乏其例。例如: The Mother: My daughter has been learning piano lessons under you for quite a long time. What do you think of her execution now? The pianist: That could be a nice thing to do. 
execution既有"演奏",又有"处死刑"的意思,而物 主代词和它所限定的表示动作的名词之间既可以是 主谓关系,也可以是动宾关系, 因此, her execution既可理解为"她的演奏",也可 理解为"处她以死刑",显然,钢琴家理解的是后一种 意思。又如:
Willy:I thought I told you to come after supper. Milly:That’s what I come after. Wiliy的本意是:我想我是让你晚饭后再来的。然而 如果我们不把 after supper看作状语,而将come after看作是表示"寻求"的词组,把supper看成这个 动词词组的宾语,同样的一句话就会变为"我想我是 让你来找晚饭吃"的意思。显然,这里的幽默产生于 对于句子结构的不同理解。

 




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