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Wouldyoumind...?句型精讲

作者:admin    文章来源:盐田区外国语学校    更新时间:2018-01-04

【中考复习Would you mind...?句型精讲】
我们先来看看下面三道中考题:
  1. Nick, would you mind ________ those old jeans?They look terrible. (2011年浙江省杭州市)
  A. not to wear B. not wear C. wearing not D. not wearing
  2. Mom!Would you mind my ________table tennis?(2011年广西壮族自治区崇左市)
  A. play B. played C. to play D. playing
  3. The old men are playing chess. Would you mind _________ the music?(2011年湖南省郴州市)
  A. turning down B. turn down C. turns down
  分析:上面的三题均是在考查同学们对“Would you mind...?”句型用法的掌握情况。答案分别为:1. D; 2. D;3. A。
  “Would you mind...?”是初中英语中的一个重要句型,全国各地历年的中考题均有涉及,常用于表示请求,意思是:“请你做……你是否介意?”“请你做……好吗?”是一种比较客气的表达方式。下面我们一起来学习一下这一句型的用法。
  一、Would you mind + doing sth.?其中mind之后接动词时,要用v.-ing形式。如:
  Would you mind opening the window?打开窗户好吗?
  Would you mind listening to the teacher carefully? 仔细听老师说话好吗?
  二、Would you mind + not doing sth.?在v.-ing形式之前加not,表示请求对方不要做某事。如:
  Would you mind not sitting in front of me?请你不要坐在我前面好吗?
  Would you mind not telling a lie?请你不要撒谎好吗?
  三、Would you mind +所有格+v.-ing形式+其他?表示请求对方允许某人做某事。如:
  Would you mind my smoking here?我在这里吸烟你介意吗?
  Would you mind my having an apple?我吃个苹果你介意吗?
  对于这一句型的回答,如果你表示听从对方的提议,即表示“不反对,不介意,可以”,可说No, not at all / Not at all(完全不介意)或Of course not/ Certainly not/ Surely not。当然,有时根据句子的意思,也可以用较灵活的应答语。如:
  — Would you mind teaching me?你介意教教我吗?— Not at all. 一点也不介意。
  — Would you mind coming and checking it?你介意过来检查一下吗?— OK. I’ll be there soon. 好的,我很快就到。
  如果你要拒绝对方的提议,表示反对或介意,可以说I’m sorry,but.../ I’m afraid you can’t / I’m afraid you’d better not 等表示委婉的拒绝。有时也用Yes,please don’t 应答。如:
  —Would you mind turning off the light in the room? 请你把房间里的灯关掉好吗?
  —I’m sorry. But I haven’t finished my homework yet. 对不起,我的作业还没完成。
  友情提示
  1. 这一句型可用“Do you mind...?”来代替,但语气上较生硬,不如“Would you mind...?”客气和委婉。
  2. 表示委婉地向别人提出要求,还可以用“Could you please do sth.?”或“Would you please do sth.?”。
  — Would you please help me with my English? 你能帮我学英语吗?— Of course. 当然可以。
  — Could you help me to clean the classroom this afternoon? 今天下午你能帮我打扫教室吗?— I’m sorry, but I have to help my mom with my little sister this afternoon. 对不起,今天下午我得帮我妈妈照顾我的小妹妹。

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