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play的用法

作者:admin    文章来源:盐田区外国语学校    更新时间:2018-01-04

   1. Jeremy Lin is the first Chinese-American basketball _____ in the NBA. He is a little different from Yao Ming. (2012年湖南省岳阳市)
  A. dancer B. player C. watcher
  2. Lin Shuhao is one of the best basketball _______ in NBA. (2012年江苏省淮安市)
  A. actors B. players C. waiters D. writers
  3. Judy with her brother _______ computer games when her mother came back. (2012年贵州省黔西南布依族苗族自治州)
  A. were playing B. are playing C. was playing D. is playing
  4. Jenny is a quiet girl, and she likes playing ________ violin. (2012年云南省大理市)
  A. a B. an C. the D. /
  5. Bill likes playing ______ basketball,but he doesn’t like playing ______ piano. (2012年黑龙江省鸡西市)
  A. the;the B. /;the C. the;/
  分析:第一题的NBA是美国职业篮球联赛的简称,由此可知:林书豪是美国职业篮球联赛中第一位华裔篮球队员,选B;第二题中的actor演员,player队员,waiter服务员、侍者,writer作者、作家。林书豪是篮球运动员,选B;第三题考查的是表示过去的某个时间正在发生动作,要用过去进行时,但该题谓语动词要与介词with前的主语保持一致,选C;第四题的violin是乐器,前面通常用定冠词the,选C;第五题piano也是乐器,其前加定冠词the,basketball是球类名词,其前不加冠词,选B。
  通过上面的五道中考题,我们知道了play的用法如此丰富,下面我们一起来看看它到底有哪些用法:
  一、play的及物动词用法
  1. 后接表示“球类”的名词时,意为“踢、打”,此时表示“球类”的名词前不用冠词。例如:
  It’s dangerous to play football in the street. 在街上踢足球是危险的。
  The students like playing basketball after school. 放学后学生们喜欢打篮球。
  2. 后接表示“棋、牌”等游戏的名词时,意为“玩”,此时名词前面也不用冠词。例如:
  Look!The children are playing chess over there. 看!孩子们正在那边下象棋。
  I’m too busy. I have no time to play cards. 我太忙了,没有时间玩牌。
  3. 后接表示“乐器”的名词时,意为“演奏”,这时名词前须加定冠词the 。例如:
  The boy could play the piano when he was eight. 这个男孩八岁就会弹钢琴了。
  I heard her playing the violin this time yesterday. 昨天的这个时候我听见她在拉小提琴。
  4. 在体育比赛中,play后接表示“人”或“队”的名词时,意为“和……比赛”。例如:
  We are going to play a team from the No.1 Middle school. 我们将和来自第一中学的球队比赛。
  Paul is going to play Jim this afternoon. 今天下午保罗和吉姆比赛。
  5. 后接表示“戏剧中的角色的名词”时,意为“扮演”、“表演”。例如:
  Last time I played this father very well. 上次我把这位父亲扮演得很不错。
  Helen played the farmer in the play. 海伦在剧中扮演农夫。
  6. 构成习语“play a joke on sb.”,意为“和某人开玩笑”。 例如:
  Don’t play a joke on your teacher. 不要和你的老师开玩笑。
  Mark Twain liked to play jokes on his friends. 马克·吐温喜欢开他朋友的玩笑。
  二、play的不及物动词用法
  1. 解作“玩”。例如:
  Work while you work, play while play. 工作的时候工作,玩的时候玩。
  Look!The children are playing on the playground. 看!孩子们正在操场上玩耍。
  2. 后接with,意为“玩耍、玩弄”。例如:
  The teacher told us not to play with the cat any more. 老师叫我们不要再玩弄那只猫了。
  It’s dangerous to play with fire. 玩火是危险的。
  三、play的名词用法
  1. 表示“游戏、娱乐”时,一般用作不可数名词。例如: It is merely child’s play to her. 对她来讲,这是儿戏般的事。
  The children are at play. 孩子们在玩耍。
  2. 表示“戏剧、剧本”时,用作可数名词。例如:
  Do you like this TV play? 你喜欢这部电视剧吗?
  Our English teacher doesn’t have time to watch TV plays. 我们的老师没有时间看电视剧。
  【温馨提示】player 这个名词通常指“队员、选手、比赛者、演员”等,也可表示“(钢琴等的)自动演奏装置、唱机”。例如:
  There are also eleven players in our team. 我们队也有十一名选手。
  Both of them are important players on the stage. 他们俩都是舞台主要演员。
  player piano 自动(演奏的)钢琴
  recorder player 电唱机
  CD player 激光唱机

htt://www.ryedu.net
  【小小练笔】
  1. —What ______ useful book it is!
  —Yeah, it tells you how to play ______ guitar. (2011年四川省达州市)
  A. an; the B. a; a C. a; the D. an; a
  2. She learned to play ______ piano all by herself. (2011年河北省)
  A. a B. an C. the D. 不填
  3. John can play ______ guitar,but he can’t play _____ chess.(2011年四川省凉山彝族自治州)
  A. the; / B. /; the C. the; the
  4. Lily is ______ active girl and she is fond of playing ______ volleyball. (2011江苏省宿迁市)
  A. an; a B. a; the C. an; / D. a; /
  5. Paul and I _______ tennis yesterday. He did much better than I. (2011年北京市)
  A. play B. will play C. played D. are playing
  6. —Look at the noisy kids!
  —Haven’t you heard the saying “When the cat is away,the mice ______
  ______?” (2011年贵州省安顺市)
  A. play B. played
  C. are playing D. will play
  7. Li Na is a famous tennis p______(首字母填空).(2011年广西壮族自治区崇左市)
  1-6 C C A C C 7. player

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