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2012杭州市中考英语试题及答案

作者:admin    文章来源:盐田区外国语学校    更新时间:2017-12-29

2012杭州市中考试题及答案2012年杭州市各类高中招生文化考试
英语(B卷)

四、单项填空(共15小题,计15分)
从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

16. The phonetic transcription for the word “said” is _______.
A. / si:d/               B./sed/             C. /seid/            D./said/

17. They want their daughter to go to _______ university, but they also want her to get________ summer job.
A. 不填;a            B. the; a            C. an;a             D. a;the

18. You look worried! Is ________ all right?
A. everything           B. something        C. anything          D. nothing

19. We have two ears and one mouth so that we can listen __________ we speak.
A. as twice much as      B. twice as much as   C. as much as twice   D. as much twice as

20. It is really cool to realize your dream __________ great effort.
A. through              B. of              C. till               D. about

21. He failed in the math test and looks sad. Let’s  __________.
A. put him up            B. set him up       C. cheer him up       D. clean him up

22. You ________ be serious! You’re actually going to lend him money again?
A. needn’t               B. can’t           C. shouldn’t          D. mustn’t

23. You make lunch,________ I’ll take care of the baby.
A. but                  B. or              C. for               D. and

24. –Do you consider yourself as a rude person?
   -_________ not. I always have good manners.
A. Probably              B. Usually          C. Generally         D. Certainly

25. Mark _________ in China for 10 years and now he teaches Chinese in Britain.
A. has worked            B. worked          C. had worked        D. is working
26. –Could you tell me _________?
   -Of course.
A. where’s there a good place to eat                 B. where there’s a good place to eat
C. where is a good place to eat                     D. where a good place is to eat

27. Mom makes me eat an apple every day __________ the doctor away.
A. keeps                 B. is kept          C. to keep            D. kept
28. People who eat a balanced diet should be healthier than those who only eat biscuits and hamburgers,__________?
A. don’t they              B. do they         C. shouldn’t they       D. should they

29. It’s your _________ as a teacher to protect your students.
A. duty                  B. hobby          C. habit               D. manner

30. –On, no! There isn’t any sugar left.
  --_________. I’ll buy some when I go into town.
A. Good idea             B. Not at all        C. Go ahead           D. Never mind

五、完形填空(共15小题,计15分)
通读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后再各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出一个最佳选项。
    I had said goodbye to my husband, Joe, so often, but this time was __31__.
    We now had our first child. After nights of talks, we made the difficult __32__ that Joe would go by himself to Alabama for the six-month training course, and I would stay behind with our new son. It was important that I __33__ my teaching position near our home at Fort Hood. Also we were part of a strong network of friends __34__ I could turn to for help.
    On Joe's __35__ evening at home, I bathed little Joey, got him into his sleeper and was heading to the bedroom when Joe gently touched __36__ on the shoulder. Lifting the baby from my arms, he said he wanted to put Joey to bed tonight.
    They headed down the hall, and I busied myself with meaningless tasks, __37__ Joe to turn up from the bedroom within a few minutes. A half hour went by, and __38__ he had not come back. Thinking he was having __39__ getting our son to fall asleep, I walked quietly to the baby's room and __40__ into the dimly-lit(灯光暗淡的)room.
    Sitting in the rocking chair, moving slowly back and forth, was my husband with __41__ in his eyes. He was holding our baby in his arms __42__ he had fallen asleep long before. When his pained eyes met mine, he said, "I just can't put him down."
    That night we stood over Joey's bed, holding each other and saying over and over that we would make it through this leaving and be __43__ again soon.
 Joey is six now, and he has a four-year-old brother named Jack. There have been many goodbyes __44__ that night, yet my soldier still fights back tears when it's time to __45__ once again in service to his country and give his boys that last, long hug goodbye.
A. dangerous         B. different        C. impossible          D. terrible
A. promise           B. wish           C. suggestion          D. decision
A. miss              B. keep           C. get                D. accept
A. whom             B. whose          C. which             D. what
A. first               B. next           C. other              D. Last
A. us                B. them           C. me                D. her
A. expecting          B. remembering     C. agreeing           D. allowing
A. again             B. still             C. then               D. ever
A. excuse            B. fun             C. trouble             D. chance
A. moved            B. talked           C. turned             D. looked
A. colors            B. tears             C. joys               D. fears
A. even though       B. as if             C. so that             D. now that
A. sure             B. proud            C. alone              D. together
A. on              B. for               C. since              D. through
A. visit             B. sleep             C. leave              D. play


六、阅读理解(共15小题,计30分。其中第一节10小题,计20分;第二节5小题,计10分)

A篇 此篇阅读为一篇社区物业管理告示,为应用文体,除了第一题,其余均可从文中直接找到答案。
All residents: Rules for living in Parkrise Flats
We all want to live comfortably and safely here, so here are a few simple rules which we think all residents should follow.
Rubbish
Rubbish collection is on Tuesdays. Please do not leave rubbish bags out before Tuesday as birds and animals can break into them and they smell.

Washing
There is a washing line for every flat in the garden next to the car park. Please only dry your washing on these lines so it does not disturb(干扰)people in the ground floor flats.

Cleaning
The main stairs are cleaned twice a week by the Association, so please try to keep them tidy and clean and do not leave furniture or bags on the stairs or in the hallways.

Lights
The main lights are on a timer and they stay on for five minutes whey you press them. Please tell the Association if any lights are not working.

Noise
Residents are asked to keep noise to a minimum. Loud music, etc. can disturb other people and the Association will get in touch with you if you make too much noise.

Safety
Make sure the main outside door is always locked and do not let anyone in to the main building unless you know who they are. Sometimes people try to get in to the main stairs and then break into flats, so do not let people in unless they are coming to see you.

Parking
Each flat has one car parking space. These are numbered and are at the back of the building. Do not use another resident's space. If you have more than one car you will have to park it on the road. Do not park where you are blocking entrances.

Problems
If you have any problems or questions, please call the Association at 0800 096 9000.
Parkrise Housing Association

What's the purpose of the text?
 A. To list the services offered by the Association.
 B. To make an advertisement for the flats.
 C. To ask the residents to follow the rules.
 D. To warn people against possible dangers.

According to the text, which of the following is done once a week?
 A. Rubbish collections.
 B. Drying the washing.
 C. Cleaning the main stairs.
 D. Changing the lights.

People should dry their washing on the watching lines ______.
   A. at the car park
   B. in the ground floor flats
   C. in the hallways
   D. in the garden

The Association will talk with you if ______.
   A. lights are not working
   B. you make too much noise
   C. you let strange people in
   D. you park your car on the road
It can be learned from the text that ______.
   A. people should leave the broken chairs on the stairs
   B. the Association is always ready to help the residents
   C. one can park the car at any numbered parking space
   D. the lights will be on whenever you pass the main stairs

B篇 此篇为记叙文。讲述的是作者和朋友一起听鸟儿晨鸣,但文中含有关于鸟鸣的一些科普知识。
It's very early in the morning and I'm sitting outside. It's also very cold and dark. With me is Jim Nightingale, and he is the reason I'm up so early. He passes me a hot cup of coffee. "Not long to wait now," he says. I hope he's right.
    After a few minutes there is a very weak light in the east, and then I hear a bird singing. It sings very loud and very clear. "That's the robin(知更鸟)," says Jim. A few more birds start singing with the robin and Jim knows the names of them too. Half an hour later, there are more and more birds singing, and it's very loud! Suddenly, all around us the air is full of the sound of birdsong. This is the dawn chorus(晨鸣), and it's beautiful.
    "Wow, this is amazing!" I tell Jim, who is smiling. "Is there a dawn chorus every morning?"
    "Birds can sing any time of the year but the best time is the end of winter and during the spring. This is when the birds sing most."
    "Really? So, why do they sing?" I ask.
    "Well, there are two reasons," explains Jim. "Most of the songbirds who sing are males. They want to find a female(雌性)so they sing to show how strong they are. The females listen and choose the best singer! The birds also sing to tell other males to go away . They need their own area; they don't like sharing with another male."
    I listen to the birds; the songs seem too much to me. "Do the birds sing a special song in the morning?"
    "That's a good question," replied Jim. "The successful birds have many kinds of calls and songs. Sometimes they copy the songs of other birds. This makes it sound like there are many birds in that place already and other males stay away. Also the female likes songs with different notes. Some birds, for example the European wren, have songs that contain over 700 different notes per minute!"
    So, how does Jim know so much about birds? Well, he works as a volunteer for the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds. He is trying to help the birds live in the modern world. "More and more of the birds' habitat disappears every year. The sparrow, for example, was a very common bird in the UK, now it's in danger."
 By now the sun is up and the birds are quiet. It's light so they can start looking for food, they need a big breakfast after all that singing.
 
Why does the writer get up early in the morning?
 A. To visit her friend.                B. To drink hot coffee.
 C. To see different birds.              D. To hear birds sing.

When you hear a bird sing in the morning, it's most probably ______.
 A. a robin                         B. a sparrow
 C. a male bird                      D. a female bird

A bird sings early in the morning mainly ______.
   A. to call a female's attention          B. to fight with other males
   C. to find a place to live in            D. to start looking for food

According to the text, which of the following statements is true?
   A. At first the writer is happy to be up so early in the morning.
   B. Male birds have their own ways of fooling other birds.
   C. It's easier for the birds to find food early in the morning.
   D. Jim has a job with the Royal Society for the Proteciton of Birds.

The text is mainly about ______.
   A. the robin's songs                  B. the birds' habitat
   C. why birds sing                    D. how to protect birds

:请仔细阅读第56-60题中各自的写作要求,从A-F六个写作话题中为各位选出符合要求的最佳选项,其中一项为多余选项。

此题考查学生在理解文本的基础上,结合所给的概念图获取信息、分析信息的能力。

56. Isabel: List the foods served on the school lunch menu for one day. Tell why you think that group of foods was chosen. Then write a passage about your favorite school lunch. Tell why it is your favorite.
57. Michael: Watch a nature or wildlife program on television. Take notes as you watch. Think about what you've learned. Write a passage of information telling about the subject of the program.

58. Sarah: What is your favorite sports activity? Think of reasons why others would enjoy it too. Does it develop your skills? Does it teach teamwork? Why is it fun? Write a passage that will advise another person to try the activity.

59. Alan: Music is enjoyable. It can also excite your imagination. Listen to a piece of music that you like. Does it create any pictures in your mind? Does it carry you away to another place? Tell what you can see and hear in your imagination.

60. Ricky: Sometimes it takes several steps to solve a math problem. Think of a problem that you have solved. You might have worked out how much money you would have left after buying some things. Now tell other people what steps to take to solve the problem.


七、词语填空(共10小题,计10分)
用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,使短文通顺、正确、连贯(每个单词限用一次)。

example    they    nobody    correct    usual    reach    build    so    if    next

 “Logic is the science of thinking.” I said, clearing my throat.“Before we think____61____, we must learn to tell the common fallacies(谬误) of logic. These we will take up tonight.”
 “Wow!” she cried, clapping her hands happily.
 I went bravely on. “First let us examine the fallacy of Unqualified Generalization(绝对判断).Foe example, Exercise is good,_____62______ everybody should exercise.”
 “I agree,” said Polly seriously. “I mean exercise is wonderful. I mean it _____63____the body and everything.”
 “Polly,” I said gently,“it is a fallacy. Exercise is good is an Unqualified Generalization. For example,____64____you have heart disease, exercise is bad, not good. Many people are ordered by _____65____ doctors not to exercise. You must say exercise is ____66____ good, or exercise is good for most people. If not, you have made the fallacy of Unqualified Generalization.”
 “_____67____ we take up a fallacy called Hasty Generalization(草率结论).Listen carefully. You can’t speak French. I can’t speak French. Peter can’t speak French. I must therefore conclude that ____68_____ at this school can speak French.”
 “Really?” said Polly, surprised.
 “Polly,” I said calmly,” it’s a fallacy. The conclusion is ____69____ too hurriedly. There are too few_____70____ to support such a conclusion.”


八、单词拼写(共10小题,计10分)
根据下列句子及所给单词的首字母,在答题纸上按题号写出各单词的完全形式(每空限填一词)。
71. –When did you b_______ to study English?
   --Seven years ago.
72. F________ in the blanks with the correct words. Then listen again and check your answers.
73. If you can swim a________ the river, I’ll be waiting for you on the other side.
74. Tom, your clothes are d______. You’d better wash them.
75. I was b_______ in 1997. I’m fifteen now.
76.-What do you want to be in the f________?
  - I want to become a teacher.
77. A c_________ is a piece of equipment used for taking photographs.
78. The nice dress was bought by my uncle as a birthday p_________.
79. You’ve d_________ so much wine. You mustn’t drive.
80. He’s poor at spelling. He made a lot of spelling m__________ in his writing.


九、书面表达(共1题,计15分)
你的笔友Sammy想了解你这两天的考试情况以及暑期安排。假定你是陈涛,请根据Sammy在电子邮件中的提问,给他写回信。字数在80字左右。

 

From:
Subject: How are you?
Hi,
How are you? I know you’re busy with your English exam right now. How is it? And how was everything yesterday? Anyway, it’ll be all over soon. What are you going to do during the summer vacation? And are you ready for your new school life? Please email me and let me know.
Sammy

 

杭州市2012年中考英语试题word下载

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