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2012年南京市中考英语试题

作者:admin    文章来源:盐田区外国语学校    更新时间:2017-12-29

2012年江苏省南京市中考试题

2012南京市中考试题选择题(共45分)
一、单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
1、—What do you want to be when you grow up?
—I want to be _________social worker. Many people are in great need of our help.
A. a              B. an          C. the            D.不填
2、I think _________ can make Andy change his mind. He is such a person who never gives up easily.
A. something      B. anything     C. nothing     D. everything
3、—Could you tell me how to remember new words quickly?
—Yes,I think a __________ tree can help you a lot.
A. grammar       B. equation      C. punctuation   D. vocabulary
4、— __________ is Jeremy LIN?
—He is a famous Harvard-educated,Asian-American NBA basketball player.
A. Where         B. What         C. Why         D. How old
5、—Have you decided which senior high school to choose?
—Not yet. I __________ go to Moonlight School.
A. must           B. may          C. need         D. should
6、—I saw Mr Smith in the office at ten yesterday morning.
—That′s impossible. He __________ an English party with us then.
A. has           B. had          C. was having   D. has had
7、The English-Chinese dictionary __________ my father bought for me many years ago is so value.
A. whose         B. when         C. who          D.that
8、—Peter,is there anything else you want to know about China?
—Yes,I am stll wondering __________ .
A. how is Chinese paper cut made
B. how was the Great Wall built in ancient times
C. why the Chinese people like to play the dragon dance
D. why do the Chinese people eat rice dumplings at Dragon Boat Festival
9、Volunteer team mostly _______ university and middle school students. They will mainly provide languages voluntary services.
A. consists of    B. belongs to   C. thinks of   D. leads to
10、My father has a habit of jogging ________ the jinchuan River for an hour in the morning.
A. between        B. along        C. over        D. through
11.—How is Susan?  
—Oh,she lives abroad,so I ________ ever her.
A. hardly         B. greatly      C. clearly     D. nearly
12、The Golden Gate Bridge is a famous landmark in San Francisco. The USA. Which of the following words is created in the same way as the word landmark?
A. unpleasant     B. useless      C. summertime   D.surprising
13、Yaxi,a quiet village in Gaochun,________ China′s first “Slow City”in November 2011.
A. names          B. named        C. is named     D. was named
14、—What a heavy rain! Will it last long?
— ________ .We′re getting into the rainy season now.
A. Of course not   B.I′m afraid so   C. That′s impossible  D. I′m afraid not
15、—My mother says that we won′t go on a trip to Hong Kong Disneyland. I just can′t understand.
— ________ You were looking forward to it .
A. Never mind.    B. Enjoy yourselves!  C. What a pity! D. Don′t worry about it
二、完形填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出可以填入空白处最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
 Self reflection means stopping the mad rush of activity and calming yourself and your mind so your brain can evaluate(评价) the input it has already received. Some people prefer to do __16__ self reflections mentally,while others keep a diary or written notes of some kind. Whether written or purely mental,the __17__ is the same.
 School textbooks are often divided into units of study. This can make it __18__ for someone who wants to begin the process of self reflection to get started. Wait times when you complete a unit of study in any of the __19__ you are learning:math,science or any other topic. Sometimes you are reminded that the unt is over __20__ there is so** test. Use these natural breaks as chances to stop and reflect.
 __21__ a quiet place. This can even be sitting at your desk at school when you finished early and the other students are __22__ working. If you are going to take notes,take your reflection diary. Write doen some __23__ on things that you learned in this uont ont know before you began. Let your mind ponder(思考) on the notes you have written some connections. Next,think about the things that you still wonder about. __24__ learned a new way to solve a math problem, but you′re not sure when to use it. Write questions will help you remember to __16__ seeking answers the next time you are expert the same topis.
 Self reflection is an essential skill for a successful student. If you have never taken the time to reflect, try it now.
16. A. our  B. your   C. their   D. its
17. A. promise  B. profile   C. program  D. process
18. A. easier  B. slower   C. busier   D. tougher
19. A. questions B. subjects  C. certificates  D. activities
20. A. instead of B. because  C. because of  D. than
21. A. Pass  B. Lose   C. Find   D. Refuse
22. A. still  B. seldom  C. almost   D. never
23. A. evidence B. answers  C. mistakes  D. notes
24. A. On time  B. For example    C. Right now  D. In all
25. A. stop  B. decide   C. forget   D. continue
三、阅读理解(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
阅读下列材料,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
 A
Host city                                                  London,England,
                                                           United Kingdom
Motto                                                      Inspire a Generation
Nations participating(参加)                                182(qualified)
                                                           204(estimated)
Athletes participating                                     10,500(estimated)
Events                                                     302 in 26 sports
Opening ceremony                                           27 July
Closing ceremony                                           12 August
Stadium                                                    Olympic Stadium
26. How many athletes will probably take part in the London 2012 Olympic Games?
A. 183.       B. 204.        C. 302.       D. 10500.
27.Which is the choice for Li Hua if he has an eight-day holiday to watch the opening ceremony the London 2012 Olympic Games in Olympic Stadium ?
A. From 17 July to 24 July.                   B. From 25 July to 1 August.
C. From 2 August to 9 August.                 D. From 9 August to 16 August.
 B
 Two words rhyme with each other when they have the same ending sound,like“think”“pink”. The last word in each of the lines of a poem does not have to have a rhyming sound,many of them do. Two lines of poetry that rhyme with each other at the end are call rhyming couplet.
 Writing rhyming poetry can be difficult because you need to choose words that not only rhyme but have meaning,too. Even though some poems are short,you have to think extra long at which words to choose. Here is an example of a short poem:
 He was only a bug , but he was the king.
 She smiled at him when he gave her a ring.
 He forgot to be careful of one little thing.
 His queen was a bee , and she could sting.
28. What does it mean when two words rhyme?
A. They have the same ending sound.
B. They have different ending sounds.
C. They must have the same meaning.
D. They must have different meanings.
29. Which of the following rhyme with each other in the short poem?
A. Ring and thing.    B. Bud and king.
C. Queen and king.    D. Bee and sting.
30. Rhyming poetry is sometimes hard to write because you need to choose _________.
A. rhyming words without meaning
B. rhyming words with meaning
C. short lines with extra long words
D. meaningful words without rhyming
C
  Have you ever heard someone use the phrase“once in a blue moon”? People use this expression to describe something that they do not do very often. For example , someone might say that he tries to avoid eating sweets because they are unhealthy ,but will eat chocolate“once in a blue moon”.Or someone who does not usually like to go to the beach might say “ I visit the shore once in a moon.”While many people use this phrase ,not everyone knows the meaning behind it.
 The first thing to know is that the moon itself is never really blue. This is just an expression fact , the phrase“blue moon”has to do with the shape of the moon , not the color.
 As the moon travels around the earth , it appears to change shape. We associate names with certain shapes of the moon. For example, when we can see a small part of the moon is called a crescent moon. A crescent is a shape that looks like the tip of a fingernail When we cannot see the moon at all, it is called a new moon.
When we can see the whole moon is called a full moon. Usually, there is only one full moon every month. Sometimes , however will be two full moons in one month. When this happens, the second full moon is called a moon”.
     Over the next 20 years , there will only be 15 blue moons . As you can see , a blue moon every rare event. This fact has led people to use the expression“once in a blue moon”to other very rare events in their lives.
31. Which of the following would be a good example of using the phrase“once in a blue moon”.
A. Simon often tells jokes. Simon tells jokes once in a blue moon.
B. Tom rarely remembers to do exercise. Tom does exercise once in a blue moon.
C. Mary likes to go shopping every weekend. Mary goes shopping once in a blue moon.
D. Cindy nates to stay up, but she stays up every day. Cindy stays up once in a blue moon.
32. When does a blue moon happen in nature?
A. When the moon has a blue moon.
B. When we cannot see the moon at all.
C. When there are two full moons in one month.
D. When we can only see a small part of the moon.
33. Which of the following is another example of something that has a shape?
A. The letter “O”
B. The letter “M”
C. The letter “H”
D. The letter “C”
34. How often will a blue moon happen over the next twenty years?
A. Once a year.             B. Less than once a year.
C. More than once a year.   D. At least twice a year.
35. What does the underlined part “This fact” in the last paragraph refer to(所指)?
A. A blue moon is a very rare event.
B. The moon appears to change shape.
C. The moon itself is never really blue.
D. A blue moon has to do with the shape of the moon.

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