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中考英语:“宾语从句”

作者:admin    文章来源:盐田区外国语学校    更新时间:2017-10-22

  综观历年各地的中考试卷,我们发现对宾语从句的考查是测试的热点之一。为帮助同学们掌握宾语从句,本文拟结合近几年中考中有关宾语从句的考点进行归纳分析,希望对同学们有所帮助。
  
  一、考查宾语从句的连接词
  
  宾语从句的连接词可分为三类:that, if / whether以及特殊疑问词。若从句是陈述句,宾语从句的连接词应用that; 当宾语从句是一般疑问句时用if或whether作连接词;当宾语从句是特殊疑问句时,则用特殊疑问词作连接词。例如:
  She is sure (that) she can win the game.
  她相信她能赢得这场比赛。
  I’d like to know what you want best.
  我想知道你最想要什么东西。
  Could you tell me where the hospital is?
  你能告诉我医院在什么地方吗?
  if和whether都可以引导宾语从句,意为“是否”。一般情况下,两者可以互换。但在下列情况下,只能用whether,而不能用if。
  A. 当介词后面接宾语从句时。例如:
  We’re talking about whether the plan is good enough.
  我们正在讨论那个计划是否足够好。
  B. 在动词不定式前。例如:
  He can’t decide whether to go for a holiday in the south.
  他不能决定是否去南方度假。
  C. 在动词discuss的后面。例如:
  Did you discuss whether you’ll have a hike next week?
  你们讨论下周是否去郊游了吗?
  此外,whether可以引导主语从句和表语从句,而if不能。例如:
  The question is whether he is fit for the job.
  问题是他能否胜任这项工作。
  Whether he like it or not is a question.
  他喜不喜欢还是个问题。
  [中考链接]
  1. —Nobody knows _____ he was after he graduated from Beijing University.
   —But I was once told he was a doctor working in a faraway village.
   A. what B. who
   C. whereD. how(甘肃兰州市)
  2. Could you tell me _____ they have done with the rubbish?
   A. why B. where
   C. howD. what(辽宁沈阳市)
  3. —Do you know _____ we’ll get there at 3:00 this afternoon?
  —I’m afraid we’ll be late.
   A. thatB. how
   C. why D. whether(安徽省)
  4. We were very glad _____so many students attended the meeting.
   A. whoB. that
   C. what D. why(湖北武汉市)
  [Key: 1. A 2. D 3. D 4. B]
  
  二、 考查宾语从句的语序
  
  宾语从句的语序要用陈述语序,即主语在谓语动词前,主语前没有情态动词can, must及助动词do, have等。对比下面两句话:
  Who are they? (特殊疑问句)
  Do you know who they are? (宾语从句)
  再请看下面的句子:
  What did he say? I want to know.(连接为一句话)
  →I want to know what he said.
  请注意,当what和who作句子的主语时,在变为宾语从句时,还用原来的语序。例如:
  —What is wrong with him?
  —No one knows.
  →No one knows what is wrong with him.
  What has happened to the Green family? Do you know?
  →Do you know what has happened to the Green family?
  Who has finished the composition? The teacher asks.
  →The teacher asks who has finished the composition.
  [中考链接]
  1. I want to know _____ do to help my neighbor.
   A. what I can B. what can I
   C. how I can D. how can I (天津市)
  2. My uncle remembered _____.
   A. when we moved to the town
   B. when did we move to the town
   C. when we move to the town
   D. when do we move to the town
  (重庆市)
  3. Could you tell me _____? I want to post a letter.
   A. where is the post office
   B. where the post office is
   C. how can I get to the cinema
   D. how I can get to the cinema(浙江省)
4. Parents should let their children do ______.
   A. what do they like
   B. what they like
   C. what will they like
   D. they like what(湖南省)
  [Key: 1. A 2. A 3. B 4. B]
  
  三、 考查宾语从句的时态

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