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感叹句的八种特殊表达法

作者:admin    文章来源:盐田区外国语学校    更新时间:2017-12-14
感叹句一般由how或者what引起。例如:
  What a wonderful time we ever had together. 我们曾经一起度过了多么美好的时光啊。
  How I longed for those carefree days. 我多么向往那些无忧无虑的岁月啊。
  但除此之外,还有以下八种特殊形式的感叹句:
  1. 以if或if only起首引起的感叹句,用于表示愿望、意外、惊奇等:
  If only I had known her earlier. 要是我早点认识她就好了。
  If he hasn’t gone and got into trouble with the police! 他竟然跟警方惹上了麻烦!
  If that’s not the best idea I’ve heard in a long time. 很久没听到过这么好的意见了啊!
  2. 以to think that或to think of 起首的感叹句:
  To think of my leaving the umbrella in the train. 真没想到我把伞落在了火车上。
  To think of his not knowing about it! 想想看,他对此事竟一无所知!
  3. 以who起首的感叹句,表示惊奇:
  Who would have thought it! 谁能想得到啊!
  Who else could have done it! 还有谁会做这件事情!
  4. 以off, away, here, there等起首的感叹句:
  Here it begins! 这就开始啦!
  There! You’ve gone and woken the baby! 看!你一去就把孩子吵醒了!
  Away with all these petty restrictions! 废 除一切烦琐限制!
  Off with you at once! 马上给我滚!
  5. 疑问句的肯定式或否定式表示感叹:
  Was I excited! 我是多么激动呀!
  Hasn’t she grown! 她长这么大了!
  Is he handsome! 他确实很英俊!
  How can he be so broad-minded! 他的胸怀是多么宽广!
  Isn’t she clever! 她真聪明!
  Am I hungry! 我多么饿呀!
  Aren’t you lucky! 你真走运!
  注:疑问句的否定形式表感叹时,必须用缩略形式n’t,否则就成了否定疑问句。例如:Has she not grown up?就是否定疑问句,意为:“她还没有长大成人吗?”
  6. 以that起首的感叹句表示愿望、遗憾:
  Oh, that she were here. 哦,要是她在这就好了!
  That it should ever come to this. 事情竟然会弄到这种地步!
  7. 以so和such强调的感叹句:
  The little boy is so clever. 这小男孩真聪明!
  It was such terrible writing. 写得真糟糕!
  8. 短语感叹句:
  Free at last! Free at last! Thank God Almighty, we are free at last! 终于自由了!终于自由了!感谢上帝,我们终于自由了!(Martin Luther King, Jr“I have a dream”)
  Twenty years! Such a long time! 20年了!多么漫长的时间呀!
  The grass and the rising sun! 多么青葱的草地,多么明媚的晨光!
  (通讯地址:213161 江苏省常州市武进区前黄镇新园路14号 江苏省前黄高级中学高三外语教研组)





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