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Whywasthegirlinhospital

作者:admin    文章来源:盐田区外国语学校    更新时间:2018-03-16

阅读精讲Why was the girl in hospital?

Nearly a week passed before the girl was able to explain what had happened to her. One afternoon she set out from the coast in a small boat and was caught in a storm. Towards evening, the boat struck a rock and the girl jumped into the sea. Then she swam to the shore after spending the whole night in the water. During that time she covered a distance of eight miles. Early next morning, she saw a light ahead. She knew she was near the shore because the light was high up on the cliffs. On arriving at the shore, the girl struggled up the cliff towards the light she had seen. That was all she remembered. When she woke up a day later, she found herself in hospital.

【课文翻译】
大约过了一个星期,那姑娘才能讲述自己的遭遇。一天下午,她乘小船从海岸出发,遇上了风暴。天将黑时,小船撞上了一块礁石,姑娘跳进了海里。她在海里游了整整一夜才游到岸边。在那段时间里,她游了8里。第二天凌晨,她看到前方有灯光,知道自己已经接近海岸了,因为那灯光是在高高的峭壁上。到达岸边后,姑娘朝着
她看到的灯光方向,挣扎着往峭壁上爬。她所记得的就是这些。第二天她醒来时,发现自己躺在医院里。


【生词和短语】

darkness n.黑暗
explain v. 解释,说明
coast n.海岸
storm n. 暴风雨
towards prep. 朝,向,接近
rock n.岩石
shore n.海岸
light n.灯光
ahead adv.在前面
cliff n.峭壁
struggle v.挣扎
hospital n. 医院


【知识点讲解】

1  One afternoon she set out from the coast in a small boat and was caught in a storm.
一天下午,她乘小船从海岸出发,遇上了风暴。

(1)set out 出发,动身。

相关短语: set off v. 出发, 解脱, 装饰  set in 嵌入, 开始

set to 动手干, 认真开始干  set back  推迟, 延缓, 使花费

set up 建立, 树立  set forth 陈述, 阐明  set about 开始, 着手

Having enough data in hand, we can set to work.
手头有足够的资料我们可以开始工作了。

He set about learning Chinese at age ten.
他在十岁时开始学中文。

Do be careful with those fireworks; the slightest spark could set them off.
这些烟火要格外小心,稍有火星就能引起爆炸。

(2)was caught in a storm, 遇上了暴风雨。catch此处作“突然遇上”的意思讲,经常指遇到不好的事情。

I was caught in a rain.
我遇到了大雨。

2  During that time she covered a distance of eight miles.
在那段时间里,她游了8里。

cover此处作“行过”、“走过” 、“游过”等讲。

By sunset we had covered thirty miles.
到日落的时候,我们已走了三十英里。

此外,cover作名词时有“封面, 盖子, 套子, 表面”的意思。动词是有“覆盖”、“涉及”,“包含”等意。

The front cover of the novel has been torn off.
这本小说的封面已被撕掉。

Snow covered the ground.
积雪覆盖了大地。

The talks are expected to cover other topics too.
会谈估计还会涉及别的问题。

The dictionary's articles cover a wide range of topics.
这本字典的文章包含各种各样的话题。

3  Early next morning, she saw a light ahead.
第二天凌晨,她看到前方有灯光。

ahead此处是形容词,作定语,放在所修饰名词的前面。一般而言,ahead多作副词表示“领先, 预先, 在前, 向前, 提前”等意。

He ran on ahead.
他跑在前面。

By doing extra homework, he soon got ahead of his class-mates.
他靠多做家庭作业,很快在班上名列前茅。

相关短语有ahead of 在 ... 前面, 先... ahead of time 提前, 提早 go ahead 开始, 前进, 领先

I think the work can be completed ahead of time.
我认为这项工作能提前完成。

Go ahead and do what you like.
去吧,喜欢干什么就干什么。

4  On arriving at the shore, the girl struggled up the cliff towards the light she had seen.
到达岸边后,姑娘朝着她看到的灯光方向挣扎着往峭壁上爬去。

on+动名词相当于一个由as soon as引导的状语从句。表示“一……就”

On hearing of this matter, I'm so happy.
一听到这件事,我非常高兴。

5  When she woke up a day later, she found herself in hospital.
第二天她醒来时,发现自己躺在医院里。

find+宾语+宾补用来对宾语进行进一步的补充说明。

When I woke up, I found myself in bed.
当我醒来后,我发现自己在床上。

和find想搭配的短语还有find out“发现, 找出, 揭发出来”

You will find a little stack of candles in reserve.
你会发现一小堆备用蜡烛。

You can find out many advantages in urban life.
你会发现都市生活中有许多便利之处。

【随堂拓展】

1. Darakness n.黑暗


2.Explain v.解释


3.Coast n.海岸


4.Catch v.抓取


5.Strike  v.打击,撞击


6.Rock v.摇滚 n.摇滚


7.Jump v.跳


8.Shore n.海岸


9.Cliff n.悬崖,峭壁


10.Struggle v.奋斗,战斗


11.Hurricane n.飓风,十二级风


12.Nanny n.阿姨,女佣


13.Nap v.打盹 n.小睡


14.Celebration n.庆祝晚宴


15.Euphemism n.委婉语,委婉说法


16.Derailment n.脱轨


17.Award n.奖


18.Announce v.宣布


19.Entire adj.整个的,全部的


20.Broadcast n.广播


21.Cheat on sb.出轨....


22.Initially  adv.最初的


23.Venture v.风险,用....进行投资 n.冒险,商业冒险


24.Eventually adv.终于,最后,终究


25.Penny n.便士,一分钱,少量的钱


26.Be worth of sth. 值得做某事


27. structure n.结构 v.构成

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