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雅思培训类阅读题

作者:admin    文章来源:盐田区外国语学校    更新时间:2017-10-27

概述:

Module format
IELTS General Training Reading has three sections of increasing difficulty and 40 items (questions). Section 1 has 14 items and sections 2 and 3 have 13 items each.

Section 1 may contain 2 or 3 short texts or several shorter texts such as advertisements, Section 2 usually comprises 2 texts and in Section 3 there is 1 long text. The texts vary in topic and text type and are graded with the most difficult appearing in Section 3.

The texts and items appear in Question Booklets.

Answer format
Candidates record their responses on Answer Sheets.

Timing
IELTS General Training Reading takes 60 minutes to complete. Candidates are not given extra time to transfer their answers onto the Answer Sheet.

Marks
One mark is awarded for each correct answert.

Texts
Texts for the first Section are taken from notices, advertisements, timetables, publicity material and similar sources. Texts for the second Section are taken from college prospectuses, course summaries, guides to libraries, rules and regulations and similar sources. Texts for the third Section are taken from newspapers, magazines or journal articles, fictional or non-fictional book extracts and similar sources.

Length
The texts have a total word count of approximately 2,400 words.

Task Types
There are 11 basic task types, some with possible variations. They are

Task Type 1

Multiple Choice

Task Type 2

Multiple Matching

Task Type 3

Short-answer Questions

Task Type 4

Sentence Completion

Task Type 5

Notes/Table/Diagram/Flow-chart Completion

Task Type 6

Summary Completion

Task Type 7

Choosing Headings for Paragraphs or Sections of a Text

Task Type 8

Locating Information

Task Type 9

Identification of Writer’s Views, Claims or Information in the Text

Task Type 10

Classification

Task Type 11

Matching

类型1: Multiple Choice

题型解读:

What are candidates required to do?
Candidates are asked to choose the best answer from four alternatives A, B, C or D, and to write the letter of the answer they have chosen on the Answer Sheet.

What form do the questions take?
They may involve sentence completion – the stem gives the first part of a sentence and candidates choose the best way to complete it from the options. The stem could also be worded as a complete question, with the candidates choosing the option which best answers it.

Are there any variations of this item type?
Sometimes there may be more than four alternative answers, and candidates may have to pick more than one correct answer. There may also be a global multiple choice question at the end of the set of questions, asking candidates to choose the most suitable title for the reading passage, for example.

Are the questions in text order?
The questions are in the same order as the information in the passage.

What text type is this item type used with?
It may be used with any text type.

What skills are being assessed?
Multiple Choice items are used to test a wide range of reading skills. They may require the candidate to have a detailed understanding of specific points or an overall understanding of the main points of the text.

样题

答案:

1.

D // trends in population and lifestyle

2.

B // 18 per cent

3.

B // developing new gasification techniques

4.

A // more cleanly and more effectively

类型2:Multiple Matching

题型解读:

What are candidates required to do?
In this item type, candidates are given a number of options, and they must match the options provided in the items to extracts or to paragraphs or sections of the passage. The extracts, sections or paragraphs are identified by letter. It is possible that some options may go unused, and/or that others may be used more than once. The instructions will inform candidates if an option may be used more than once.

What skill is this item type designed to test?
This item type is designed to test the candidates’ ability to skim and scan in order to identify specific information.

样题

答案

1.

B

2.

E

3.

E

4.

C

5.

D

6.

B

7.

A

8.

D

类型3: Short-answer Questions

题型解读:

What are candidates required to do?
For questions that require short answers, candidates have to answer questions about details in the passage. Candidates must write their answers in words or numbers on the Answer Sheet as instructed.

Candidates are usually told to answer each question USING NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the text. Sometimes candidates are instructed to use just one word or no more than two words or four words. The instructions may also ask for a number or numbers on their own. Numbers can be written using figures or words.

Are candidates penalised for writing more than the stated number of words?
Yes. If candidates write more than the number of words asked for, they will lose the mark even if their answer includes the correct word(s).

What about contractions or hyphenated words?
Contracted words will not be tested. Hyphenated words count as single words.

What skills are tested by this item type?
The candidate needs to be able to skim through the text to find the appropriate section, scan for the relevant lines and then read for detail.

Are the questions in text order?
The questions are usually arranged so that the answers appear in order in the passage.

样题:

答案:

4.

pieces of metal

5.

(on) the bottom

6.

$5

7.

(the) Retailing Manager

8.

$50,000

类型4:Sentence Completion

题型解读:

What are candidates required to do?
There are two variations of this item type.

· Type A: candidates are asked to complete the sentence in a given number of words taken from the text.

· Type B: candidates are given the first half of a sentence based on the text and asked to complete it from a list of possible options. They may be told that they can use an option more than once.

In Type A candidates will be told in the instructions the maximum number of words that they can use to complete the sentence. The instructions for this type usually state ‘NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER’, but sometimes they may call for one word, two words or four words. Numbers can be written as figures or words.

In Type B candidates will have to choose the best option from a list. Candidates will have more options to choose from than there are questions.

Is it possible to use grammatical clues when matching beginnings with endings?
Not usually. In most cases where the candidate is required to match sentence beginnings with sentence endings, all the endings are grammatically possible. The candidate must decide which ending is correct according to meaning.

Does the information being tested come in the same order as in the passage?
Yes.

How are candidates asked to write their answers?
Where candidates are required to supply the words to complete the sentence, the words should be taken directly from the passage and written in the space on their Answer Sheet as they work through the questions. When choosing an answer from a box of possible answers, candidates should write the letter of their chosen answer on the Answer Sheet.

Are candidates penalised for writing more than the required number of words?
Yes. If candidates write more than the number of words asked for, they will lose the mark even if their answer includes the correct words.

What about contractions, or hyphenated words?
The rules relating to Short-answer questions also apply here. Contracted words will not be tested. Hyphenated words count as single words.

样题

答案

38.

the feeding dish

39.

the food (source)

40.

the sun

类型5:Completion of Notes/Tables/Flow-charts

题型解读:

What are candidates required to do?
There are two types of task. In both types the candidate is required to fill gaps in notes or a table or a flow-chart with a word or words. In the first type the candidate is required to choose a word or phrase from words and phrases provided in a box. There are always more words or phrases in the box than there are gaps to fill. In the second type there is no box with words. The candidate is required to choose a word or phrase from the text to fill the gap.

How many words or numbers can be used to fill the gaps?
If the candidates are required to choose words and/or numbers from the passage to complete the gaps, the instructions will indicate clearly whether they should choose one word only, no more than two, or three, four etc.

Do the answers occur in order in the passage?
Not necessarily. However, the answers will sometimes come from one section rather than the entire passage.

What text type is most often used with this item type?
This item type often relates to precise factual information, and so is often (but not always) used with descriptive texts.

What skills are being assessed?
The candidates need to be able to skim and scan the passage in order to be able to locate the required information.

样题

答案

33.

transmitted (electronically)

34.

(photographic) film/negative(s)

35.

(aluminium) printing plates

36.

programmed

37.

damaged paper/wrapping

38.

weighed

39.

paster robot(s)

40.

storage area

类型6:Summary Completion

题型解读:

What are candidates required to do?
There are two types of summary completion task. In both types the candidate is required to fill gaps in a summary with a word or words. In the first type the candidate is required to choose a word or phrase from words and phrases provided in a box. There are always more words or phrases in the box than there are gaps in the summary. In the second type there is no box with words. The candidate is required to choose a word or phrase from the text to fill the gap.

How many words can be used to fill the gap?
If the candidates are required to choose words and/or numbers from the passage to complete the gaps, the instructions will indicate clearly whether they should choose one word only, no more than two, or three, four etc.

Do the answers occur in order in the passage?
Not necessarily. However, the answers will sometimes come from one section rather than the entire passage.

What type of text is this item type used with?
In IELTS General Training Reading, summary completion tasks are most likely to be used with passages in Section 3, though they may be used in other sections too.

Do the summaries summarise the whole text or just part of it?
The summaries may summarise the whole passage or they may summarise just part of it. Sometimes a heading is provided for the summary. This can help the candidate locate the part of the passage to which the summary refers.

What skills are being assessed?
Summary completion item types covering the whole passage are likely to test candidates’ ability to identify main ideas. Summary completion covering a smaller part of the passage is more likely to test the candidates’ ability to identify supporting details.

样题

http://www.cambridgeesol.org/teach/ielts/general_training_reading/data/GT%20R%20Sample%20Task%20Type%206%20Task.pdf

答案

20.

Halls of Residence

21.

four weeks

22.

highly qualified

23.

(Waikato) Students’ Union

24.

(Waikato) river

类型7:Choosing Headings for Paragraphs or Sections of a Text

题型解读:

What are candidates required to do?
A ‘bank’ of headings is supplied for a passage that comprises a number of paragraphs or sections. Candidates are required to match the appropriate heading with the paragraph or section it belongs to.

How many paragraphs or sections must candidates identify headings for?
Usually candidates are asked to match no more than seven or eight headings. The passage may have more paragraphs or sections than this, but some of the headings may be given as examples.

Are the number of headings supplied equal to the number of paragraphs or sections?
In this item type there are always more headings supplied than there are paragraphs or sections, so the candidate needs to choose very carefully.

Is it possible to use one of the headings more than once?
Each heading should be used once only.

What skills are being assessed?
This item type tests candidates’ ability to distinguish main ideas from supporting detail.

样题

http://www.cambridgeesol.org/teach/ielts/general_training_reading/data/GT%20R%20Sample%20Task%20Type%207%20Task.pdf

答案

27.

v // Split location for newspaper production

28.

vii // Getting the newspaper to the printing centre

29.

iv // The LGVs’ main functions

30.

i // Robots working together

31.

viii // Controlling the robots

32.

iii // Looking ahead

类型8:Locating Information

题型解读:

What are the candidates required to do?
A list with items of information is provided. Candidates are required to identify the section or paragraph in the passage in which that information can be found.

What kind of information might candidates be asked to find?
Candidates may be asked to find

· specific details

· an example of some kind

· the reason for event, change etc

· a description

· a comparison

· a summary

· an explanation

· other

Will candidates need to find information in every paragraph of the text?
Not necessarily.

Is it possible to identify a section or paragraph more than once?
There may be more than one piece of information that candidates need to locate in a given paragraph. When this is the case, the candidates will be told that they can use a paragraph more than once.

What skills are being assessed?
This question type tests candidates’ ability to identify specific information within sections or paragraphs.

Do the questions follow the same order as the information in the text?
No. In this question type the questions do not follow the same order as the information in the text.

样题

Questions 28 – 32

The text on pages 10 and 11 has seven paragraphs, A-G.

Which paragraph contains the following information?

Write the correct letter, A-G, in boxes 28-32 on your answer sheet.
NB You may use any letter more than once
.

28

an explanation of Paynton’s business techniques

29

an account of public reactions to the solar exhibition

30

reasons why participants could not agree on arrangements for the exhibition

31

a recommendation that Paynton considered useful

32

an analysis of contemporary business practice

类型9:Identification of Writer’s Views, Claims or Information in the Text

题型解读:

What are candidates required to do?
The candidate is presented with a list of statements. If the statements are opinions or attitudes, the candidate is asked if the statements agree with or reflect the views or claims of the writer. The choice of answers in this case is either ‘yes’, ‘no’ or ‘not given’. If the statements concern factual information, the candidate is asked if the statements agree with the information in the text. The choice of answers in this case is ‘true’, ‘false’ or ‘not given’.

What skills are tested in this item type?
This item type tests a variety of reading skills including skimming and scanning and reading for detail.

样题

答案

14.

NOT GIVEN

15.

TRUE

16.

TRUE

17.

FALSE

18.

NOT GIVEN

19.

TRUE

20.

TRUE

类型10:Classification

题型解读:

What are candidates required to do?
With this item type, candidates are presented with a number of pieces of information and a number of categories each of which is represented by one or more letters. The candidates are required to assign each piece of information to one of the possible categories based on common features.

What is this item type designed to test?
This item type is designed to test candidates’ ability to recognize relationships and connections between facts in the passage, and is most often used with texts dealing with factual information; for example descriptive texts. Candidates need to be able to skim and scan the passage in order to locate the required information and to read the detail.

样题

Example 1

Questions 6 – 10

Classify the the following parts of the business as being located in

A

Britain

B

Germany

C

India


Write the correct letters, A, B or C, in boxes 6-10 on your answer sheet

6

manufacturing plant

7

head office

8

research and development

9

warehouses

10

marking department

Example 2

Questions 1 – 4

Classify the following characteristics as belonging to

A

male readers

B

female readers

C

both male and female readers


Write the correct letter, A, B or C, in boxes 1-4 on your answer sheet.

1

a preference for a particular type of novel

2

unpredictable reading habits

3

an unwillingness to use library facilities

4

the random selection of reading material

类型11:Matching

题型解读:

What are candidates required to do?
Candidates are presented with a number of items, which may be theories, statements, names of people, places, things etc. The candidates need to match each of these items with one option from a list of options. The list of options will also form a coherent set of theories, statements, names of people, places, things etc.

Is it possible to choose an item more than once?
The instructions will advise the candidate when it is possible to choose an option more than once.

What skills are being tested?
This item type tests candidates’ ability to skim and scan as well as to understand main ideas in a section of the passage.

样题

答案

34.

A // France

35.

C // USA

36.

H // Italy

37.

C // USA

38.

A // France

39.

F // Japan

40.

D // Denmark

应试建议:

  • Remember to read the instructions carefully. The instructions will tell you where to find the answers, what you need to do, what kind of answer is required and how many words you need to write. The instructions will also tell you whether an answer can be used more than once and remind you to transfer your answers to the Answer Sheet.
  • Remember that for many item types the questions follow the order of information in the reading passage.
  • Remember to read all the questions very carefully.
  • Practise scanning for key words in the extracts or the reading passage that match the items. You can also practise scanning for paraphrases of key words.
  • Remember that in most cases, e.g. Short-Answer Questions, the answers have to be grammatically correct and should be spelt correctly. Accuracy in spelling and word form are very important and you will be penalised for incorrect spelling.
  • In most cases, the words you need to write will be in the text you are reading so copy them carefully on to your Answer Sheet. Copying incorrectly will lead to loss of marks.
  • Remember that in Sentence Completion tasks, you must focus on the meaning when choosing the correct ending.
  • Use the information provided in the notes, tables, diagrams or flow-charts as well as any examples to predict the type of information that is required.
  • In classroom activities, discuss the type of information you need for each item type.
  • Underline key words and phrases when you read as well as paying attention to key words in the questions.
  • Practise synonyms, summary words etc. to help you locate information.
  • Practise different ways of expressing the same ideas or information in a text.
  • Think about what certain pieces of information have in common – shared features – and what distinguishes them from each other.
  • Practise reading skills such as skimming and scanning for information.
  • Some students are convinced that only test practice will really help them, and want to do test after test. This can be discouraging, as they do not see the rapid progress they would like. You should also read widely, e.g. newspapers, journals, magazines and books, and use materials from these sources when preparing for the test.
  • Be aware of the different text types and how best to approach them. Practise the full range of IELTS General Training Reading item types.
  • You should make sure that you understand that there is more than one way to read a text. Some students believe that they must read every text slowly and carefully, underlining every unknown word and stopping to worry about it. You should remember that your main aim is to locate the answers to the questions. You do not need to read in the same way you would if you needed to memorise something. You should try not to worry too much about the presence of unknown words, and you should also practise guessing meaning from context. Try not to look up every unknown word in the dictionary.
  • Make sure that you read the instructions carefully in every case: many item types contain variations, and it is easy for you to confuse them if you do not check carefully what it is you are required to do.
  • You should remain conscious of time limits, and you should move on rather than spend too much time on a particular question to which you are unable to find the answer.
  • Be aware of the dangers of relying on locating the exact words in the text that you find in a question: practise using paraphrases and locating paraphrase in a text.
  • In task types where the information is located in order in the text, remember you don’t need to go back to the beginning of the text for each question.
  • Make sure that you get some practice in using an . 点击下载pdf