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雅思基本功训练:动词谓语功能

作者:admin    文章来源:盐田区外国语学校    更新时间:2017-10-22
    Part I:单词与短语

       mad adj.发疯的;aeroplane n.飞机;drive sb. mad动词短语)把某人逼疯;passing planes过往的飞机;come into use(动词短语)投入使用;drive sb. away(动词短语)把某人赶走;noise n.噪音;leave vi.留下,剩下;knock down(动词短语)击倒;offer vt.提供;a large sum of money一大笔钱;be determined to do sth 决心做某事;probably adv.很可能

  
Part II:语法学习

   1.动词的ing形式

  前面讲过,动词的ing形式可以在句子中起到多种语法作用,这里将重点谈讨它们在进行时中在系动词be的配合下作谓语的作用和作定语的作用。

  示例1:Aeroplanes are slowly driving me mad.(在are的配合下,driving成为了谓语动词的一部分)
  示例2:Passing planes can be heard night and day.(作planes的定语)
  示例3:Sometimes I think this house will be knocked down by a passing plane.(作plane的定语)

   2.被动语态

  前面也讲过了,这里再作深化。

  示例1:Passing planes can be heard day and night.(飞机与听到的关系是被动的)
  示例2:The airport was built years ago.(机场与建造的关系是被动的)
  示例3:For some reason, it could not be used then.(it就是指机场,它与使用的关系是被动的)
  示例4:Over a hundred people must have been driven away from their homes by the noise.(人们与赶走的关系是被动的)
  示例5:This house will be knocked down by a passing plane.(房子与震倒的关系是被动的,而且是将来的事情)
  示例6:I have been offered a large sum of money to go away.(我与提供一大笔钱的关系是被动的)

   3.一个特殊的定语

  这里,我们结合一个句子来看一个特殊的定语,从而为后续的定语、定语从句学习和深化奠定基础。

  示例:I am one of the few people left.
  这里的left作people的定语,位置放后。其实,left是从一个句子简化来的,这个句子是:who were left.对于这里的简化,大家先死记一下:看看哪两个词被省去了?有了这个初步的认识,我们后续讲解和理解起来就方便多了。

  
Part III:综合训练

   I live near an airport (1) aeroplanes (2) slowly driving me mad, (3) (4 pass) planes can be (5 hear) night and day. The airport was (6 build) years ago, (7) (8) some reason, it could not be used then. (9), last year it came (10) use. Over a hundred people must (11) been (12 drive) away from their homes by the noise, (13) I am one of the few people (14 leave). Sometimes I think this house (15) be (16 knock) down by a (17 pass) plane, (18) I am (19 determine) (20) stay here even (21) I have (22) offered a large sum of money (23) go away. Everybody says I must (24) mad (25) they are probably right.

  答案:
   (1) and; (2) are; (3) for; (4) passing; (5) heard; (6) built; (7) but; (8) for; (9) However; (10) into; (11) have; (12) driven; (13) but; (14) left; (15) will; (16) knocked; (17) passing; (18) but; (19) determined; (20) to; (21) though; (22) been; (23) to; (24) be; (25) and

   Part IV:句型转换

  将下面句子进行最大程度的合并:
   1. I live near an airport. Aeroplanes are slowly driving me mad. Passing planes can be heard night and day.
   2. The airport was built years ago. For some reason, it could not used then. Last year it came into use.
   3. Over a hundred people must have been driven away from their homes by the noise. I am one of the few people left.
   4. Sometimes I think this house will be knocked down by a passing plane. I am determined to stay here. I have been offered a large sum of money to go away.
   5. Everybody says I must be mad. They are probably right.

  答案:
   1. I live near an airport and aeroplanes are slowly driving me mad, for passing planes can be heard night and day.
   2. The airport was built years ago, but for some reason, it could not used then. However, last year it came into use.
   3. Over a hundred people must have been driven away from their homes by the noise, but I am one of the few people left.
   4. Sometimes I think this house will be knocked down by a passing plane, but I am determined to stay here even though I have been offered a large sum of money to go away.
   5. Everybody says I must be mad and they are probably right.

 
  Part V:听力与口语训练

   对话1
   Kathy:Oh, look. There’s a talent show on next Friday evening. Let’s enter for it.
   Susan:But I can’t enter for a talent show. I don’t think I have any talent.
   Kathy:Come on. You can sing really well.
   Susan:Oh, thanks. But you can, too.
   Kathy:Well, no. I can’t sing at all—I shout! But I can play the piano.
   Susan:So maybe we can enter for the show.
   Kathy:Sure. Why not?
   Susan:OK. Let’s start to practice tomorrow.

   对话2
   Joan:Hi! My name’s Joan Lee. I’m Carol’s friend.
   Jack:Oh, hi, Joan. I’m Jack Sun. You live upstairs, right?
   Joan:That’s right, in the apartment right above yours….Oh, something smells delicious. Are you cooking?
   Jack:Well, it depends on what you call cooking…very basic. Uh, would you like to come in?
   Joan:No, thanks. I don’t want to disturb you. I was just wondering if you knew Carol’s new phone number. I can’t seem to find it.
   Jack:Uh, no, I don’t. But if you call the old number, there’ll probably be a recording telling you the new one.
   Joan:Oh, yes, you’re right. Why didn’t I think of that?

  常用语句:
   1.There’ll be a talent show at our school next month.
   2.I entered for a talent show yesterday and won a little prize.
   3.Sam is a man of many talents.
   4.We’ll start to practice speaking English tomorrow.
   5.Do you live upstairs? –Yes, I live in the apartment right above yours.
   6.Gee! I smell chicken! It’s delicious! Are you cooking chicken, Mom?
   7.Win or lose, it depends on you!
   8.It depends on whether you like it or not.
   9.I can speak some very basic English.
   10.I’m sorry to disturb you.
   11.I was just wondering if you would like to come and join us.
   12.I can’t seem to remember his new address.
   13.I can’t seem to figure out how to work this camera.
   14.When you call my old number, there will be a recording telling you my new one.
   15.I didn’t think of that.
   16.That’s a great idea! Why didn’t I think of that?
   17.Well, I’ve also thought of that! As the saying goes—Great minds think alike.

   单词与短语:
   talent show 才艺大赛;enter for参与,参加(比赛);shout v.喊叫,吼叫;play the piano 弹钢琴;start to do sth.开始做某事;practice v.练习;live upstairs 住在楼上;apartment n.(单元)房;right above就在上面;smell v.闻起来;it depends on这样看,这取决于;basic adj.基础的;disturb vt.打扰,打搅;I was just wondering我刚刚在想;can’t seem to似乎不;recording n.录音;prize n.奖品;a man of many talents多才多艺的人;live upstairs住在楼上;live in the apartment right above yours就在你上面的房子里住;gee (表示喜欢或不喜欢的语气叹词)唉;lose vt.输,失去,丢掉;figure out琢磨出,推导出;as the saying goes正如那句话说的;Great minds think alike.英雄所见略同

   Part VI:快速阅读

   Flattering(奉承) Remarks(话)
   Jack was young, rich, and fond of(喜欢) girls. He hardly ever did any work and spent most of his time enjoying himself.
   One summer he bought a big motor-boat(机动船). As soon as it was ready to go to sea, he telephoned one of the girls he had met somewhere and invited her for a trip in his new motor-boat.
   The way Jack used to invite a girl for the trip in his boat was like this: he would begin by saying, "Hello, Laura (or whatever the girl's name was), I have just bought a beautiful new motor-boat and I would like to take you out for a trip in it."
   The girl's answer was usually cautious(谨慎的,小心的) because everybody in that part of the country knew Jack's reputation(声名) with girls. She would ay something like this. "Oh, really? That's nice. What name have you given to the boat?" Jack would then answer, "Well, Laura, I have named it after you."
   Of course, the girl would feel very proud that Jack had chosen her name for the boat out of the names of all his many girl-friends and she would think that Jack must really love her. She would, therefore, be quite willing to accept his invitation to go for such a trip in his motor-boat.
   It would not be until she got down to the harbour(港口) and actually saw the boat that she would understand how cleverly(聪明地) Jack had tricked(耍弄) her because there in neat(整齐的) gold letters on the boat, she would see its name “After you”.