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2013高考单项填空题命题特点

作者:admin    文章来源:盐田区外国语学校    更新时间:2018-01-04

 2013年高考全国课标卷和各省市单独命制的高考卷均严格按照《考试大纲》所规定的24个语法项目进行命题,命制出的试题知识点覆盖面广,重点突出:动词的时态、非谓语动词、主从复合句、情态动词、交际用语、动词及短语辨析、冠词、代词、形容词和副词、虚拟语气成为单项填空题的高频考点,绝大多数高考卷均对上述考点进行了考查。主谓一致、被动语态、名词、介词、强调句、倒装句、祈使句及固定搭配等考点则在不同试卷中得以考查,形成交叉考查的局面。
  1.动词的时态考题
  (2013年高考天津卷)The water supply has been cut off temporarily because the workers _____ one of the main pipes.
  A. had repaired B. have repaired
  C. repaired D. are repairing
  解析:D。句意为“水供应被暂时切断的原因是工人们正在维修一条主管道”。根据语境,空格处应使用现在进行时。
  (2013年高考山东卷)—Oh no! We’re too late. The train _____.
  —That’s OK. We’ll catch the next train to London.
  A. was leaving B. had left
  C. has left D. has been leaving
  解析:C。根据“Oh no! We’re too late”可知,当我们到达时,火车已经驶离,对现在造成了影响。
  (2013年高考江苏卷)—Could I use your car tomorrow morning?
  —Sure. I _____ a report at home.
  A. will be writing B. will have written
  C. have written D. have been writing
  解析:A。根据答语可知,明天上午“我”会在家写报告,因此用将来进行时表示将来某一段时间内在进行的事。B项将来完成时表示将来某个时间前完成的动作,C和D均属于现在的范畴,均不符合语境。
  (2013年高考辽宁卷)He was unhappy when he sold his guitar. After all,he _____ it for a very long time.
  A. has had B. had had C. has D. had
  解析:B。根据语境,出售吉他发生在过去,而在出售前他拥有这把吉他已有很长一段时间,即表示过去的过去。
  2.非谓语动词考题
  (2013年高考新课标Ⅱ卷)I got to the office earlier that day,_____ the 7:30 train from Paddington.
  A. caught B. to have caught
  C. to catch D. having caught
  解析:D。句意为“那天我之所以能早早就到办公室,是因为赶上了7:30从帕丁顿开出的列车”。“赶车”这一动作明显先于句子的谓语动作,因此应使用现在分词的完成式作状语。
  (2013年高考陕西卷) The witnesses _____ by the police just now gave very different descriptions of the fight.
  A. questioned B. being questioned
  C. to be questioned D. having questioned
  解析:A。句意为“刚才被警方询问的目击者对打架的描述不一致”。句中表示一个被动完成的动作,因此用过去分词。B项表示现在正在被询问,C项表示将要被询问,D项having questioned通常不用作名词的后置定语。
  (2013年高考山东卷)I stopped the car _____ a short break as I was feeling tired.
  A. take B. taking C. to take D. taken
  解析:C。动词不定式作目的状语。
  3.复合句考题
  (2013年高考陕西卷)I have heard a lot of good things about you _____ I came back from abroad.
  A. since B. until C. before D. when
  解析:A。since表示“自从”。
  (2013年高考上海卷)I cannot hear the professor clearly as there is too much noise _____ I am sitting.
  A. before B. until C. unless D. where
  解析:D。考查地点状语从句。句意为“我听不清楚教授的话,因为我坐的地方有太多的噪音”。

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