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需要注意的特殊先行词

作者:admin    文章来源:盐田区外国语学校    更新时间:2018-01-04

  大家都知道,定语从句所修饰的先行词只能由名词或代词充当,但下面几个特殊的先行词值得同学们特别注意。
  例1 a. I do like the way _____ Mo Yan, the winner of the 2012 Nobel Prize for Literature, writes.
  A. how B. that C. in that D. which
  解析:选B。句意为“我非常喜欢莫言的写作风格,他是2012年诺贝尔文学奖的得主”。分析题干可知“_____ Mo Yan,the winner of the 2012

Nobel Prize for Literature, writes”为定语从句,修饰先行词the way,并且该定语从句中缺少方式状语,所以空格处可填in which,也可用that代替in which,或省略that。
  b. What do you think of the way _____ I told you the other day?
  A. in which B. whose C. who D. which
  解析:选D。句意为“你认为前几天我告诉你的方法怎么样”。因为“_____ I told you the other day”是定语从句,并且该从句缺少宾语,又

因先行词是the way,所以该从句要用which或that引导,此处它们也可以省略。
  【考点点拨】当先行词为the way并且定语从句中缺状语时,定语从句的引导词可用that,或用in which代替that,或省略引导词;若定语从句中缺主语或宾语,则仍然要用that或which引导;如果是限制性定语从句,that或which在从句中作宾语,并且引导词前面没有介词,此时的that或which

可以省略。
  例2 a. Believe it or not,this is the first time _____ I have come here.
  A. when B. which C. that D. while
  解析:选C。句意为“信不信由你,这是我第一次来这儿”。分析题干可知“_____ I have come here”为定语从句,先行词为the first time,

此时定语从句常用that来引导,that可以省略。
  b. This is a time _____ China’s space industry is making great progress.
  A. when B. where C. which D. that
  解析:选A。句意为“现在是中国的航天工业进步很快的一个时期”。因为先行词为a time,并且后面的定语从句缺少时间状语,所以要用when来引导该定语从句。
  【考点点拨】当the first/second...time充当先行词时,其意为“第一/二次……”,后面的定语从句要用that引导,此时that可以省略,但不

能换成when/while/as等;当a time充当先行词时,其意为“一段时期”,后面的定语从句常用when引导。
  例3 a. This is the reason _____ he explained at the meeting yesterday.
  A. why B. which C. what D. when
  解析:选B。句意为“这就是昨天他在会议上解释的那个原因”。因为“_____ he explained at the meeting yesterday”为定语从句,修饰先行词the reason,并且该从句缺少作宾语的关系代词,所以要用which或that引导该定语从句。
  b. The reason _____ he was late for the meeting yesterday was that he watched the program of the sending up of Shenzhou-10

spacecraft on TV at home.
  A. that B. which C. why D. when
  解析:选C。句意为“他昨天开会迟到的原因是他在家里收看关于神舟十号飞船发射的电视节目”。分析题干可知“_____ he was late for the

meeting yesterday”为定语从句,修饰先行词the reason,并且该从句缺少原因状语,因此要用why引导该定语从句。
  【考点点拨】当the reason充当先行词时,若定语从句中缺少原因状语,则用why引导定语从句;若定语从句中缺少主语、宾语等,则用that或which引导定语从句。

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