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非谓语动词解题技巧

作者:admin    文章来源:盐田区外国语学校    更新时间:2018-01-04

高考非谓语动词解题技巧
技巧一 用作目的状语,原则上要用不定式
  1. When asked why he went there, he said he was sent there ______ for a space flight.
  A. training B. being trained
  C. to have trained D. to be trained
  【解析】答案选D。由于被训练进行航空飞行是他被派往那儿的目的,所以要用不定式,因此可排除A和B。另外,由于“他”与“训练”之间为被动关系,故选D。
  2. ______ this cake, you’ll need 2 eggs, 175 g sugar and 175 g flour.
  A. Having made B. Make
  C. To make D. Making
  【解析】答案选C。由于是表示目的,故要用不定式,句意为:为了要做这块蛋糕,你需要2只鸡蛋、175克糖和175克面粉。
  技巧二 用于名词后作定语时,使用非谓语动词的原则是:用不定式,表示动作尚未发生;用现在分词,表示动作正在进行;用过去分词,表示动作已经发生,同时表示被动意义
  1. The Chinese are proud of the 29th Olympic Games _____ in Beijing in 2008.
  A. hold B. holding C. held D. to be held
  【解析】答案选D。由于2008年奥运会尚未举行,故要用不定式。
  2. There are hundreds of visitors ______ in front of the Art Gallery to have a look at Van Gogh’s paintings.
  A. waited B. to wait C. waiting D. wait
  【解析】答案选C。由于表示“正在等”,故用现在分词作定语。
  3.“Things ______ never come again!” I couldn’t help talking to myself.
  A. lost B. losing C. to lost D. have lost
  【解析】答案选A。因things与动词lose之间为被动关系,故用过去分词。
  注:受the first, the second... the last修饰的名词或代词后原则上要用不定式作定语。如:
  ——The last one ______ pays the meal.
  ——Agreed!
  A. arrived B. arrives C. to arrive D. arriving
  【解析】答案选C。因为在the first, the second, the third, ..., the last等结构后习惯上要接不定式作定语,又如:I’d be the first to admit I might be wrong. 我愿第一个承认我可能错了。You are the second to make that mistake. 你是第二个犯这错误的人
  技巧三 用作伴随状语,原则上要用现在分词
  1. As the light turned green, I stood for a moment, not ______, and asked myself what I was going to do.
  A. moved B. moving C. to move D. being moved
  【解析】答案选B。由于与句子主语I之间为主动关系,且表示当时持续了一会儿,故用现在分词。句意为:当信号灯变绿时,我站在那儿一会儿没动,心想自己该怎么办。
  2. Peter received a letter just now ______ his grandma would come to see him soon.
  A. said B. says C. saying D. to say
  【解析】答案选C。此处用现在分词表伴随,又如:A card came yesterday saying Sue will arrive tomorrow. 昨天收到的明信片上说,休明天到。Alan received a telegram saying his father was ill. 埃伦收到一封电报,说是他父亲生病了。
  3. Whenever he was asked why he was late for class, he would answer carelessly, always ______ the same thing.
  A. saying B. said C. to say D. having said
  【解析】答案选A。现在分词saying在此表示伴随。
  4. We often provide our children with toys, footballs or basketballs, ______ that all children like these things.
  A. thinking B. think C. to think D. thought
  【解析】答案选A。现在分词thinking在此表示伴随。

技巧四 用作结果状语时,可用现在分词或不定式,其原则区别是:一般要用现在分词,不定式用作结果状语主要用于某些特定句式中
  1. The glass doors have taken the place of the wooden ones at the entrance, ____ in the natural light during the day.
  A. to let B. letting C. let D. having let
  【解析】答案选B。此处用现在分词表示结果。又如:It rained heavily, causing severe flooding in that place. 大雨滂沱,造成了那个地方洪水泛滥。
  2. Oil prices have risen by 32 percent since the start of the year, _____ a record US$ 57.65 a barrel on April 4.
  A. have reached B. reaching
  C. to reach D. to be reaching
  【解析】答案选B。伴随着谓语动词的发生而产生的自然结果,用现在分词作结果状语。
  注:在enough to do sth, too... to do sth, only to do sth等特定句式中,习惯上要用不定式表示结果。如:
  1. He hurried to the booking office only ______ that all the tickets had been sold out.
  A. to tell B. to be told C. telling D. told
  【解析】答案选B。only to do sth在此表示出人意料的结果。
  2. He hurried to the station only ______ that the train had left.
  A. to find B. finding C. found D. to have found
  【解析】答案选A。only to do sth在此表示出人意料的结果。

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