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高考主谓一致试题汇编

作者:admin    文章来源:盐田区外国语学校    更新时间:2017-12-29

高考谓一致试题汇编-考点提示:谓一致主要分布于短文改错,难度低。
  一、主谓一致依据的三个原则
  1. 语法一致原则
  句子谓语和主语在人称和数上一致。主语为单数形式,即单数名词或代词、动词不定式、动名词,谓语动词一般要用单数形式;主语为复数时,谓语动词用复数形式。
  Whether she comes or not is of no matter.

她来不来都是无关紧要的琐事。
  2. 意义一致原则
  句子谓语的单复数与主语的意义一致,即主语形式是单数,但意义为复数,谓语动词用复数;反之,主语形式是复数,但意义是单数,谓语动词用单数。
  Twenty years is a long time in one’s life.
  一个人的一生中二十年是一段很长的时间。
  3. 就近原则
  句子谓语与其最近的主语一致。此原则主要用于当句子有两个或以上主语的情况。
  He didn’t say whether some English novels or an English dictionary was wanted.
  他没有说需要几本英文小说还是需要一本英文词典。


  二、高考试题主谓一致的考查重点
  1. 名词作主语时,谓语动词的单复数与主语在语法形式上保持一致。
  2. 集体名词作主语
  集体名词family,team,class,group,club等作主语时,谓语动词的单复数要根据集体名词所指的意义决定。当集体名词作为一个整体时,谓语动词用单数;如果指其中的各个成员,谓语动词则用复数。
  注意:
  集体名词people,police,cattle等作主语时,谓语动词都用复数。
  3. 主语后面跟有as well as,with,along with,together with,like,rather than,but,except,besides,including,in addition to等引出的词组时,谓语动词的单复数由前面的主语确定。
  4. 由or,either... or...,neither... nor...,not only... but (also)...,whether... or...等连接的并列主语,谓语动词的单复数根据就近原则,与邻近的主语保持一致。
  5. 定语从句中的主谓一致
  当引导定语从句的关系代词在从句中充当主语时,从句的谓语动词的单复数应由从句前的先行词确定。注意找到先行词是关键。
  He is the only one of the students in the class who has been to the Great Wall.(先行词是the only one)
  他是班里学生中唯一去过长城的。
  1. (2012年湖南卷) All the scientific evidence ___ that increasing use of chemicals in farming ___ damaging our health.
  A. show; are B. shows; are
  C. show; is D. shows; is
  2. (2012年天津卷) The letters for the boss ___ on his desk but he didn’t read them until three days later.
  A. were put B. was put
  C. put D. has put
  3. (2012年陕西卷) The basketball coach, as well as his team, ___ interviewed shortly after the match for their out-standing performance.
  A. were B. was
  C. is D. are
  4. (2011年安徽卷) The factory used 65 percent of the raw materials, the rest of which ___ saved for other purposes.
  A. is B. are
  C. was D. were
  5. (2011年湖南卷) One-third of the country ___ covered with trees and the majority of the citizens ___ black people.
  A. is; are B. is; is
  C. are; are D. are; is
  6. (2010年四川卷) Such poets as Shakespeare ___ widely read, of whose works, however, some ___ difficult to understand.
  A. are; are B. is; is
  C. are; is D. is; are
  7. (2009年四川卷) The teacher together with the students ___ discussing Reading Skills that ___ newly published in America.
  A. are; were B. is; were
  C. are; was D. is; was
  8. Anything that ___ needed ___ on the table over there.
  A. are; are B. is; is
  C. is; are D. are; is

9. Two fifths of the book ___ so far.
  A. is read B. are read
  C. has been read D. have been read
  10. According to my father, movies, such as the one you talked about yesterday, ___ not worth seeing.
  A. are B. do
  C. is D. does
  11. — How did your students express their thanks to you on
  Teachers’ Day?
  — A gift together with many flowers ___ sent to me.
  A. is B. are
  C. was D. were
  12. Nobody but doctors and nurses and those invited by Dr Hu ___ to enter the patient’s room.
  A. is allowed B. are allowed
  C. allows D. were allowed
  13. What they need most ___ money while what we need most ___ textbooks.
  A. were; is B. are; is
  C. was; are D. is; are
  14. All his family ___ in for sports and so they all have a sound body.
  A. went B. go
  C. goes D. have gone
  15. To play basketball and to go swimming ___ useful for character-training.
  A. was B. is
  C. are D. were
  16. I, who ___ your teacher, will try my best to help you with your study.
  A. be B. am
  C. are D. is
  17. I feel it is you as well as your wife that ___ for your son’s bad performances at school.
  A. are to blame B. is going to blame
  C. are to be blamed D. is to be blamed
  18. He is the only one of the students who ___ a winner of scholarship for three years.
  A. is B. are
  C. have been D. has been
  19. ___ three hours enough to finish doing the interview?
  A. Is B. Are
  C. Is there D. Are there
  20. One and a half ___ all that I can spare for you tomorrow.
  A. hour is B. hours are
  C. hour are D. hours is
  21. We must make sure the students each ___ a Chinese-English dictionary at the very beginning.
  A. have B. has
  C. to have D. having
  22. The number of people invited ___ fifty, but a number of them ___ absent for different reasons.
  A. were; was B. was; was
  C. was; were D. were; were
  23. Many a young person ___ into the habit of smoking.
  A. has got B. have got
  C. get D. gets
  24. (2011年成都诊断) The experts along with the head teacher ___ discussing JK Rowling’s works that ___ popular among students.
  A. are; is B. are; are
  C. is; are D. is; is
  25. (2011年成都诊断) We each ___ strong points and each of us, on the other hand, ___ weak points.
A. have; have B. has; have
  C. has; has D. have; has