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单项填空题热点句型TOP10

作者:admin    文章来源:盐田区外国语学校    更新时间:2017-12-29

高考单项填空题热点句型TOP10
一、宾语从句中的虚拟语气句型:主语+谓语动词“(should)+动词原形”
  【典型考例】
  1. My mom suggests that we eat out for a change this weekend. (2013年陕西省高考题)
  A. should B. might
  C. could D. would
  2. Eye doctors recommend that a child’s first eye exam at the age of six months old. (2013年浙江省高考题)
  A. was B. be
  C. were D. is
  【答案与解析】A;B。考查虚拟语气的用法。根据语法规则,suggest和recommend后的宾语从句谓语动词用should+动词原形,should可省略。
  句型归纳
  在某些动词后的宾语从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形,should也可省略。常见的这类动词有“一个坚持”(insist);“两个命令”( order, command);“四个建议”(suggest, advise, propose, recommend )“五个要求”(ask, require, demand, request, urge)。
  二、条件句中的虚拟语气句型:If+主语+had done...(或Had+主语+done), 主语+ would/ should/ might/ could have done...(对过去的虚拟)
  【典型考例】
  1. ——Do you think George has passed the driving test?
  ——No. If so, he his car to our college yesterday. (2013年福建省高考题)
  A. would drive
  B. drove
  C. would have driven
  D. had driven
  2. I should not have laughed if I you were serious.(2013年江苏省高考题)
  A. thought
  B. would think
  C. had thought
  D. have thought
  【答案与解析】C;C。考查与过去事实相反的虚拟语气的用法。题1句意:——你认为George通过驾照考试了吗?——没有。如果通过的话,昨天他就会开车来我们大学了。结合语境,主句用would have done。题2根据主句中should not have laughed可知此处是对过去事情的虚拟,因此if从句中谓语用过去完成时。
  句型归纳
  条件句中的虚拟语气句型有三个:①If+主语+had done..., 主语+would/ should/ might/ could have done...(表示对过去的虚拟);②If+主语+did/ were..., 主语+would/ should/ might/ could do...(表示对现在的虚拟);③If+主语+should do/ were to do/ did..., 主语+ would/ should/ might/ could do...(表示对将来的虚拟)。如条件句中有were/ had/ should这三个词,则可省略if,把这三个词放到句首。
  三、状语从句的省略结构——状语从句连接词+n./ adj./ adv./ doing/ done/ to do...+主句
  【典型考例】
  1. There are some health problems that, when in time, can become bigger ones later on. (2013年浙江省高考题)
  A. not treated
  B. not being treated
  C. not to be treated
  D. not have been treated
  2. When for his views about his teaching job, Philip said he found it very interesting and rewarding.(2012年安徽省高考题)
  A. asking
  B. asked
  C. having asked
  D. to be asked
  【答案与解析】A;B。题1和题2都是考查状语从句中省略情况,根据状语从句的省略规则,在题1空白处加上some health problems are,则容易确定答案为A;题2空白处加上Philip was, 则容易确定答案为B。
  句型归纳
  状语从句中的省略有两种情况:①如果从句的主语和主句的主语一致且从句的谓语含有be 动词的某种形式(am/ is/ are/ was/ were),可同时省略从句的主语和be动词;②如果从句中有it is/ was,并且无意义,则可把它们一起省略。如:If it is necessary, I will buy this dictionary. = If necessary, I will buy this dictionary.

四、倍数的表达句型:倍数+as... as
  【典型考例】
  1. It’s said that the power plant is now large as what it was. (2013年安徽省高考题)
  A. twice as
  B. as twice
  C. twice much
  D. much twice
  2. This restaurant wasn’t that other restaurant we went to. (2012年全国卷高考题)
  A. half as good as
  B. as half good as
  C. as good as half
  D. good as half as
  【答案与解析】A;A。这两题都是考查倍数的表达方式“倍数+as... as”结构。题1句意:据说这个发电厂现在是以前的两倍大;题2句意:这家餐厅不如我们去过的其他餐厅一半好。
  句型归纳
  用形容词表示甲是乙的几倍时,可用下面三个句型,用副词表示则一般只用前两个句型。①……倍数+形容词(或副词)的比较级+than,表示“……比……大/长/宽几倍”;②……倍数+as+形容词(或much)或副词+as表示“……是……倍”;③……倍数+the size(length, height...)of 表示“几倍大小(长短/数量等)。
  如:这条河流是那条河流的五倍长。可译成:
  This river is four times longer than that one.
  This river is five times as long as that one.
  This river is five times the length of that one.
  五、强调句型:It+ is/ was +... that...
  【典型考例】
  1. It was not until near the end of the letter she mentioned her own plan. (2013年天津市高考题)
  A. that B. where
  C. why D. when
  2. It was only after he had read the papers Mr. Gross realized the task before him was extremely difficult to complete. (2013年新课标卷II高考题)
  A. when B. that
  C. which D. what
  【答案与解析】A;B。这两题都考查强调句。题1考查固定句型not... until的强调句,其句型结构为:It was not until...that+句子;题2可还原为:Mr. Gross realized the task before him was extremely difficult to complete only after he had read the papers. 即可判断强调部分是状语“only after he had read the papers”。
  句型归纳
  强调句型基本结构是“It is/ was+被强调部分+that/ who(指人)+句子其他部分”,被强调部分可以是除了谓语动词的其他任何成分。同时,强调结构与其他含it的结构非常相似,很容易混淆。区别办法是:如去掉It is/ was... that ...结构后句子仍然成立,则为强调结构。

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