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法语中的同形异音词汇总

作者:admin    文章来源:盐田区外国语学校    更新时间:2017-12-05
 

  中的accent就像中文中的音调一样不能乱标!一个符号的错误,可能会引起大歧义。下面我们来看看这些法语中的同形异音词吧~

  French Accent Homographs

  Think accents don't matter when writing in French? Think again!

  You may not realize it, but French accents have a purpose. While some accents just signify that an S used to follow that vowel in Old French (e.g., étudiant used to be spelled estudiant), most French accents indicate the correct pronunciation of the letter they modify. In addition, there are dozens of French word pairs which are spelled (though not always pronounced) the same other than accents. To avoid confusion, you should always distinguish between these words by using the correct accents.*

  a - third person singular of avoir (to have)
  à - (preposition) to, at, in

  acre - acre
  âcre - (adjective) acrid, pungent

  âge - age
  âgé - (adjective) old

  aie - first person singular subjunctive and second person singular imperative of avoir
  aïe - (interjection) ouch

  arriéré - (adjective) overdue, backward; (noun) backlog, arrears
  arrière - back, stern, rear, aft

  bronze - bronze object
  bronzé - past participle of bronzer (to tan, bronze)

  ça - (indefinite demonstrative pronoun) that, it
  çà et là - here and there

  colle - glue
  collé - past participle of coller (to glue)

  congres - eels
  congrès - conference, congress

  cote - quotation, quoted value, rating
  coté - highly thought of / rated (past participle of côter)
  côte - rib, slope, coastline
  côté - side

  cure - cure, treatment
  curé - priest; past participle of curer (to clean out)

  crêpe - crepe (thin pancake), crepe paper
  crêpé - past participle of crêper (to backcomb, crimp)

  de - (preposition) of, from
  dé - thimble, die

  des - (indefinite article, partitive article) some; contraction of de + les
  dès - (preposition) from

  différent - different
  diffèrent - third person plural conjugation of différer (to differ)

  du - contraction of de + le
  dû - past participle of devoir (to have to)

-e vs é
  At the end of -er verbs, the accent is the difference between the first and third person singular present tense and the past participle
  -e - étudie, parle, visite
  -é - étudié, parlé, visité

  entre - (preposition) between
  entré - past participle of entrer (to enter)

  es - second person singular of être (to be)
  ès - contraction of en + les

  êtes - second person plural of être
  étés - summers

  eut - third person singular passé simple of avoir
  eût - third person singular imperfect subjunctive of avoir

  ferme - farm
  fermé - past participle of fermer (to close)

  fut - third person singular passé simple of être
  fût - third person singular imperfect subjunctive of être

  gène - gene
  gêne - trouble, bother, embarrassment
  gêné - (adjective) short of, embarrassed; past participle of gêner (to bother)

  grade - rank, degree
  gradé - officer

 

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